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the main inhabitants of Sweden, accounting for about 96 percent of the population and numbering 7.9 million persons in 1975 (estimate). They speak Swedish and profess Lutheran-ism. More than a million Swedes, descendants of immigrants, live in the USA and Canada, and about 370,000 reside in Finland. Small numbers of Swedes are also found in other countries.

The Swedish nationality evolved during the formation of the early medieval Swedish kingdom between the ninth and 11th centuries—the Viking age—through the unification of the northern Germanic tribes, principally the Svear and Götar, who inhabited Scandinavia in the first millennium A.D. The Finns and Lapps also played a definite role in the ethnogenesis of the Swedes. The struggle of the Swedes against German and Danish domination in the Middle Ages, the wars for supremacy on the Baltic, the rapid growth of the country’s economy and trade, and the formation of a national market promoted the emergence of capitalist relations and the amalgamation of the Swedes into a modern nation in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Today, most Swedes are employed in industry; only 6 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. Traditional occupations are still followed, namely, the production of agricultural equipment and fishing nets, pottery, coopering, and the artistic working of wood, leather, and bone. Popular handicrafts include spinning and weaving, lace-making, and fur dressing. The old dwellings and clothing have been preserved in the folk culture. Swedish folklore includes tales, legends, and ballads.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Wash and peel a medium swede (about 600g) then dice it into 1-2cm cubes.
In a WIN-Gallup survey last year, around eight in 10 Swedes said they were either "not religious" or "convinced atheists.
Barr argues that Swedes in Canada have a "low profile," in part, because of their small numbers.
A recent Sifo poll found that 41 percent of Swedes now favor joining the military alliance and 39 percent are against it.
The Swede is very much a case in point, as the domestic spaces he inhabits throughout the novel generate dangerous forms of narrative production.
That was true of the Swedes and the Irish, the other dominant ethnic group.
The poll comes after a sociological study on Swedish border residents found Swedes to be increasingly annoyed with their wealthier neighbors.
He said: "Our 4,000 fans were constantly shouted down by 20,000 Swedes.
In two separate studies, Pia Gabre and her colleagues at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, studied the toothbrushing habits of 2013 Swedes aged 15-16, 31-35, 60-65 and 76-80 - how often and for how long, how often fluoride toothpaste is used, how much toothpaste is put on the toothbrush and how much water is used during and after the toothbrushing.
CANADIANS don't know much about Sweden, except for stereotypes that Swedes are mostly blonde, fit, excellent hockey players, a bit dour, pay high taxes, and are quite egalitarian.
A major part of the Swedes who cancelled their holiday plans in those countries have opted for Turkey," Filiz Kose told the Anadolu Agency.
and it really evidences part of a continuing vendetta on the part of the Swedes against Julian Assange.