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the main inhabitants of Sweden, accounting for about 96 percent of the population and numbering 7.9 million persons in 1975 (estimate). They speak Swedish and profess Lutheran-ism. More than a million Swedes, descendants of immigrants, live in the USA and Canada, and about 370,000 reside in Finland. Small numbers of Swedes are also found in other countries.

The Swedish nationality evolved during the formation of the early medieval Swedish kingdom between the ninth and 11th centuries—the Viking age—through the unification of the northern Germanic tribes, principally the Svear and Götar, who inhabited Scandinavia in the first millennium A.D. The Finns and Lapps also played a definite role in the ethnogenesis of the Swedes. The struggle of the Swedes against German and Danish domination in the Middle Ages, the wars for supremacy on the Baltic, the rapid growth of the country’s economy and trade, and the formation of a national market promoted the emergence of capitalist relations and the amalgamation of the Swedes into a modern nation in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Today, most Swedes are employed in industry; only 6 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. Traditional occupations are still followed, namely, the production of agricultural equipment and fishing nets, pottery, coopering, and the artistic working of wood, leather, and bone. Popular handicrafts include spinning and weaving, lace-making, and fur dressing. The old dwellings and clothing have been preserved in the folk culture. Swedish folklore includes tales, legends, and ballads.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Swedish-American Chambers of Commerce (SACC) of Florida is pleased to announce that it has named Per-Olof Loof the 2015 Swede of the Year at its annual gala dinner on October 3[sup.
A recent Sifo poll found that 41 percent of Swedes now favor joining the military alliance and 39 percent are against it.
Eighty percent of Swedes with private insurance are obtaining it through their employers, which means they are still paying for it indirectly via lower wages, a tradeoff they appear willing to make for the sake of their health.
By 1880, Worcester was dealing with a tide of immigrants, particularly Irish, Swedes, Armenians and French Canadians.
The poll comes after a sociological study on Swedish border residents found Swedes to be increasingly annoyed with their wealthier neighbors.
He said: "Our 4,000 fans were constantly shouted down by 20,000 Swedes.
Ex-Bees skipper Brian Andersen sprung a first-heat surprise by lowering the colours of Gdansk track record holder Rickardsson, and the meeting quickly turned into a straight head-to-head between the Swedes and the Danes.
Three and a half million Swedes aged 12-79 surfed the Web in September, an increase of 8.
The others went to Laura Davies and Swedes Carin Koch and Helen Alfredsson.
Panathinaikos midfielder Giorgos Karagounis hammered home an 87th-minute equaliser which gave Coventry goal-keeper Magnus Hedman no chance just as the Swedes seemed to have run Greece into the ground.
Larsson, who starred for the Swedes at Euro2000 following his return from injury, struck in the 68th minute to give the Swedes a 1-0 lead.
Sweden's cradle-to-grave welfare system is envied throughout the world but many Swedes are becoming tired of paying for it.