Swedish-Danish War of 1813–14

Swedish-Danish War of 1813–14

 

a war waged by Sweden against Denmark to compel it to relinquish Norway, which had been ruled by the Danish monarchy since the late 14th century. By joining the anti-Napoleonic coalition in 1813, Sweden gained the support of Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain. On Nov. 28, 1813, the Swedish Army (60,000 strong including Russian and Prussian units) under G. B. Bernadotte entered Denmark, an ally of Napoleon I, from the south. On December 7, during the battle of Bornhöved, south of Kiel, the Swedish cavalry forced the Danish Army, numbering only 10,000 men, to retreat. Denmark was unable to offer resistance on the sea, which was controlled by the British Navy. After suffering a series of defeats, Denmark signed the Treaty of Kiel with Sweden on Jan. 14, 1814, ceding Norway to the Swedish crown.

REFERENCE

Vneshniaia politika Rossii XIX i nachala XX veka, vol. 7. Moscow, 1970.
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