Heinrich Von Sybel

(redirected from Sybel)

Sybel, Heinrich Von

 

Born Dec. 2, 1817, in Dusseldorf; died Aug. 1, 1895, in Marburg. German historian and political figure; representative of the nationalistic Prussian-oriented little Germany school, which was a leading tendency in German bourgeois historiography in the second half of the 19th century.

Sybel studied at the University of Berlin with L. von Ranke and F. von Savigny. He became a professor at the University of Marburg in 1846; from 1856 to 1860 he was a professor at the University of Munich, and from 1861 to 1874 at the University of Bonn. In 1859 he founded the journal Historische Zeitschrift. He became director of the Prussian State Archives in Berlin in 1875. From 1862 to 1864 he was a deputy in the Prussian Landtag; in the Reichstag of the North German Confederation, where he was a deputy beginning in 1867, he aligned himself with the National Liberals. An ideologue of the big bourgeoisie, Sybel fused a moderately liberal critique of feudal vestiges and of Germany’s political fragmentation with an antidemocratic attitude, deeply hostile to the revolutionary movement. As with other liberals, he shifted from opposition to Bismarck to a position of compromise with the Junker regime. From the mid-1860’s he was an active supporter of the unification of Germany through the Prussian monarchy.

Viewing history as a political science, Sybel injected his own political ideas into his historical writings. This explains his extremely tendentious, negative description of the Great French Revolution as the “dangerous French way” of struggling with feudalism, his idealization of the Prussian monarchy, and his apologia of the Hohenzollerns and Bismarck, whom he depicted as fighters for a national German state. At the same time Sybel also expressed rational opinions in his works, such as his view of the medieval Holy Roman Empire as a brake on the development of a national German state and his critical evaluation of the role of Catholicism in history.

WORKS

Die deutsche Nation und Kaiserreich. Düsseldorf, 1862.
Die Begréndung des Deutschen Reiches durch Wilhelm I, vols. 1–7. Munich-Leipzig, 1889–95.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia frantsuzskoi revoliutsii i ee vremeni (1789–1795), parts 1—4. St. Petersburg, 1863–67.

REFERENCES

Istoriografiia novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki. Moscow, 1967. Pages 297–302, 307–08.
Gavrilichev, V. A. “Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy istoricheskikh issledovanii Genrikha fon Zibelia.” In the collection Metodologicheskie i istoriograficheskie voprosy istoricheskoi nauki. Tomsk, 1963.
Schleier, H. Sybel und Treitschke. … Berlin, 1965.

V. A. GAVRILICHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Years pass as Sybel learns to leave the young Tamlorn and connect with other humans on the mountain.
Sybel is a wizard, secure and happy in her home with only her magical creatures for company.
Lecky, Alice Stopford Green, Leopold von Ranke, Heinrich von Sybel, Johannes Janssen, Felix Dahn, Gustav Freytag, Heinrich von Treitschke, and Johannes Haller.
Na Alemanha, pode-se dizer que duas escolas historicas se sobressairam: a Escola Rankeana e a Escola historica Prussiana, sendo assim, o pensamento historico germanico passa por pesquisadores como Leopold von Ranke, Heinrich von Sybel, Barthold Georg Niebuhr, Johann Gustav Droysen, Georg Gottfried Gervinus, entre outros (BENTIVOGLIO 2011; SCHOLTZ 2011).
SyBEL SyBER/CYPRUS ISSUE: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC) Parliament Speaker Sibel Siber gave an interview on negotiations on the Cyprus issue.
Rosamund de Sybel, Middle East and Africa editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit, says: "Although hardto prove, there is a widespread belief among Bahraini Shia that the government has fast-tracked citizenship for Sunni expatriates in order to alter the country's demographic balance.
Tieck expressed in a letter to her friend Friedrich yon Uechtritz on 15 July 1831: "Ich glaube, das Uebersetzen ist eigentlich mehr ein Geschaft fur Frauen als fur Manner, gerade weil es uns nicht gegeben ist, etwas Eigenes hervor zu bringen" (von Sybel 157).
The brutal desert summer may be slowly cooling off, with temperatures dipping to a more manageable 30 degrees centigrade, but for those residents in Bahrain who are still wilting and lusting after an elusive cool breeze and some greenery, a little gem in the mountains might do the trick, writes ROSAMUND DE SYBEL.
My Aunt Sybel," the column from which I have quoted this warning, resembles Frances Harper's temperance serial Sowing and Reaping.
154: Droysen, Sybel, Mommsen, and Treitschke) provide significant background material against which this under-researched work may be read.
Even though Ranke was a conservative apologist for Prussia, he should nonetheless not simply be identified with the school of radical nationalist historians such as Gustav Droysen, Heinrich von Treitschke, and Heinrich von Sybel.