Sydenham's chorea

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Sydenham's chorea:

see choreachorea
or St. Vitus's dance,
acute disturbance of the central nervous system characterized by involuntary muscular movements of the face and extremities. The disease, known also as Sydenham's chorea (not to be confused with Huntington's disease, a hereditary disease of
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Sydenham's chorea

[′sīd·ən‚hamzkə′rē·ə]
(medicine)
References in periodicals archive ?
4) It has been proposed that an immune mediated mechanism similar to that in Sydenham chorea occurs, in which antibodies produced against GABHS cross-react with neuronal tissue in the basal ganglia.
a) Etiology Comments Tardive dyskinesia Common, especially secondary to antipsychotic medicines Sydenham chorea Post-streptococcal; in 20% cases of rheumatic fever; children Systemic lupus Chorea in 1-7% erythematosus Neurosyphilis Usually concomitant HIV infection Hyperthyroidism Chorea in 2% of cases; usually young-middle age adults Drug-induced chorea Lithium, antiepileptic agents, stimulants, L-dopa, estrogen Pregnancy Rare; increased risk with history of Sydenham chorea Polycythemia vera Chorea in 0.