Sydney Smith


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Smith, Sydney,

1771–1845, English clergyman, writer, and wit, ordained in the Church of England in 1794. In 1798 he went as a tutor to Edinburgh, where he studied medicine, occasionally preached, and with Jeffrey and others founded (1802) the Edinburgh Review. His brilliant contributions were a strong factor in the periodical's success. Moving to London in 1803, Smith lectured on moral philosophy at the Royal Institution and became a well-known figure in literary society. His "Peter Plymley" letters (published anonymously in 1807–8) in defense of Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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 were the first of his many appeals for religious toleration. In 1809 he moved to Yorkshire, where he had been given a living of £500 a year. There he also acted as magistrate and village doctor. He went to a parish in Somerset in 1829; in 1831 he was given a residentiary canonry at St. Paul's. Smith's religion was strong and of a practical nature. A lover of justice and truth, he was a life-long defender of the oppressed. His failure to rise higher in the church is attributed to his wide reputation as a master of wit and satire. He is placed among the premier English wits and has been compared to SwiftSwift, Jonathan,
1667–1745, English author, b. Dublin. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest satirists in the English language. Early Life and Works
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 and to VoltaireVoltaire, François Marie Arouet de
, 1694–1778, French philosopher and author, whose original name was Arouet. One of the towering geniuses in literary and intellectual history, Voltaire personifies the Enlightenment.
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.

Bibliography

See his works (4 vol., 1839–40); his letters (ed. by N. Smith, 2 vol., 1953); selections from his writings (ed. by W. H. Auden, 1956); memoir by his daughter, Lady Holland (2 vol., 1855); biographies by G. W. Russell (1905, repr. 1971), H. Pearson (1934, repr. 1971), G. W. Bullett (1951, repr. 1971), and A. Bell (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
In this passage of Smith's "Advice to Parishioners," taken from the memoir of Sydney Smith written by his daughter, Saba, Lady Holland, his essential humanity shines through his sarcastic wit:
Sydney Smith npictured with his wife Phyllis on their 75th wedding anniversary.
Sydney Smith said of Jeremy Bentham (who, perhaps surprisingly, is one of Baxi's heroes): " Neither gods, men, nor booksellers can doubt the necessity of a middleman between Mr Bentham and his public .
A diffident, proud young man whom Sydney Smith described as "a book in breeches," Macaulay made up in force and erudition what he lacked in style.
es una invencion de la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII y del siglo siguiente, hecha o divulgada por autores que no se conocen en Espana o se conocen solo sus nombres, como Sydney Smith y Douglas Jerrold.
Contemporary is part of the explosion of new rug designs now coming on the market, according to retailer Sydney Smith of The Oriental Carpet in Palo Alto, Cal.
The Edinburgh Review was founded by Francis Jeffrey, Sydney Smith, and Henry Brougham as a quarterly publication, with Jeffrey as its first and longtime editor.
Curiously, Sydney Smith had already anticipated Copleston's criticism of the contemporary style of reviewing when, in a letter to Jeffrey himself, he chided him for his arrogance: 'if you could be alarmed into the semblance of modesty, you would charm everybody; but remember my joke against you about the Moon and the Solar System;--"Damn the solar system
This was the year that Sydney Smith, an English clergyman, writer, and wit, taunted American culture with his widely quoted query: "In the four quarters of the globe, who reads an American book?
Sydney Smith, Director of Hotel Revenue comments, "We have seen immediate results using the direct connection between RedX and Travelocity.
The book offers great opportunities for discussion using the beautiful illustrations of Sydney Smith as a starter but also for developing more thought provoking ideas concerning the importance of small gestures made in kindness, whether noticed or not and the mutual value this can have on both the giver and receiver.
She wed sweetheart Sydney Smith in 1933 but he died in 1943 and she re-married John Kaye two years later.
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