Sydney Smith


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Smith, Sydney,

1771–1845, English clergyman, writer, and wit, ordained in the Church of England in 1794. In 1798 he went as a tutor to Edinburgh, where he studied medicine, occasionally preached, and with Jeffrey and others founded (1802) the Edinburgh Review. His brilliant contributions were a strong factor in the periodical's success. Moving to London in 1803, Smith lectured on moral philosophy at the Royal Institution and became a well-known figure in literary society. His "Peter Plymley" letters (published anonymously in 1807–8) in defense of Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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 were the first of his many appeals for religious toleration. In 1809 he moved to Yorkshire, where he had been given a living of £500 a year. There he also acted as magistrate and village doctor. He went to a parish in Somerset in 1829; in 1831 he was given a residentiary canonry at St. Paul's. Smith's religion was strong and of a practical nature. A lover of justice and truth, he was a life-long defender of the oppressed. His failure to rise higher in the church is attributed to his wide reputation as a master of wit and satire. He is placed among the premier English wits and has been compared to SwiftSwift, Jonathan,
1667–1745, English author, b. Dublin. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest satirists in the English language. Early Life and Works
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 and to VoltaireVoltaire, François Marie Arouet de
, 1694–1778, French philosopher and author, whose original name was Arouet. One of the towering geniuses in literary and intellectual history, Voltaire personifies the Enlightenment.
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.

Bibliography

See his works (4 vol., 1839–40); his letters (ed. by N. Smith, 2 vol., 1953); selections from his writings (ed. by W. H. Auden, 1956); memoir by his daughter, Lady Holland (2 vol., 1855); biographies by G. W. Russell (1905, repr. 1971), H. Pearson (1934, repr. 1971), G. W. Bullett (1951, repr. 1971), and A. Bell (1980).

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The treatment of poachers causes Peter Virgin to refer to the Georgian Game Laws as "barbarous and extraordinary" (Sydney Smith 208).
HOPEFUL The Northern Dance Stars group, above, is facing closure, Tyler Anderson, 16, with youngest member Sydney Smith, two, below
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(15) Sydney Smith referred to that idea: not only would Isaiah's contemporaries have been shocked to hear such a claim, he himself was astounded by Deutero-Isaiah's audacity.
Sydney Smith, 97, and wife Phyllis, 95, have slept in two single beds for the past 40 years and insist that it is this space, which has kept them together.
Sydney Smith is communications associate at the international conflict transformation organization Search for Common Ground.
Artists exhibiting this year are Janet Cobbold, Dorothy Culshaw, Sylvia Garrette, Mair Griffiths, Ann Harrison, Marie McGowan, Jeff Nelson, Pat Nelson; Maria Shuttleworth and Sydney Smith.
Sydney Smith's wry explanation for the Anglican Church's opposition to social activist and prison reformer Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) contains more than a little truth: "She is very unpopular with the clergy," he observed.
Commenting on its quasi-oriental excesses richly topped off with a cluster of domes, 18th-century clergyman and wit Sydney Smith said, "It looked for all the world as if the Dome of St.
Sydney Smith said of Jeremy Bentham (who, perhaps surprisingly, is one of Baxi's heroes): " Neither gods, men, nor booksellers can doubt the necessity of a middleman between Mr Bentham and his public ...
At the risk of sounding pretentious or 'elitist' as the education dumbers-down might say, I always in my teaching career had as my guideline the Rev Sydney Smith's exhortation, 'live always in the best company when you read'.
Mr Rosie has also had the generosity to include some of the best (and mainly English) epigrams at the Scots' expense, including Sydney Smith's claim that it takes a surgical operation to get a joke into a Scotsman's understanding.
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