Syllable


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syllable

A syllable is a sequence of speech sounds (formed from vowels and consonants) organized into a single unit. Syllables act as the building blocks of a spoken word, determining the pace and rhythm of how the word is pronounced.
The three structural elements of a syllable are the nucleus, the onset, and the coda.
Syllables can be structured several ways, but they always contain a nucleus, which is (usually) formed from a vowel sound. The nucleus is the core of the syllable, indicating its individual “beat” within a word; the number of syllables in a word will be determined by the number of vowel sounds forming their nuclei.
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Syllable

 

the minimal articulated unit of speech, consisting of one or several sounds that form a compact phonetic entity and that occur during one chest pulse. Proponents of various theories concerning the syllable believe that a syllable is produced by one muscular contraction, by modulation (narrowing and widening) of the pharynx, or by the degree of sonority and the order in which sounds are uttered.

A syllable is composed of a beginning (onset), a peak (nucleus), and a final part (coda). A peak is formed by simple vowels (ma-ma), by sonorants in some languages (Czech prst, “finger”), and occasionally by obstruents (psst!). A syllable’s beginning and end are formed by one or more consonants; in some languages a syllable may consist only of a peak (o-ni, “they”). Syllables are closed when they end in a consonant and open when they end in a vowel. They are uncovered when they begin with a vowel and covered when they begin with a consonant. The commonest syllable structure, found in all languages of the world, is consonant followed by vowel.

Division into syllables often does not correspond to division into morphemes. In the word ruchka (“handle”), morphemes for example, there are two syllables (ru-chka) but three morphemes (ruch-k-a). In syllabic languages, such as Chinese, morphemes are generally monosyllabic and syllable and morpheme boundaries coincide. In such languages, the beginning of a syllable is contrasted to its end, which is limited to certain permissible sounds.

V. A. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, in the Hungarian iamb we are dealing with the negative compensatory principle: certain syllable types are prohibited in certain positions.
The study explores the syllable boundaries of Hindko words which have either not been explored before or not been put to systematic analysis.
The witness authored a book on Trithemius and is known to have a fascination with tri-numeral alphabets and syllables.
Hence, the average rate could show a large gap between the speech rates by each syllable.
in stress languages as Classical Arabic, Czech and French (Hyman, 1977), every (content) word has at least one stressed syllable.
The most significant observation of this research study demonstrated that suffixes ese and ade have the least effect on participants' stress placements, because maximum of the primary stress maintained on first syllable in their suffixed words along with their root words, but do not shift to last syllable.
the distance of that syllable from the right edge of the word, and the number of syllables.
Romance phonologists explore the syllable in terms of glides; onset, coda, and cross linguistic aspects; and the notions of stress and weight.
A similar phenomenon in the analysis of the so-called broken syllable intonation in contemporary Latvian is found by researchers of the Latvian language, particularly in the High Latvian dialect.
The main focus was on the Duration and Pitch of the to nic/primary syllable.
The unstressed component, which has been changed from one syllable (iamb) to two (anapest) "pays the price" in that the duration of time for an unstressed syllable is shortened by half.
The simplest practical rule is that which shows how to apply one syllable to each isolated note, or to each group of slurred or beamed notes.