Syllabus of Errors

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Syllabus of Errors


(A Syllabus Containing the Principal Errors of Our Time), published by Pius IX on Dec. 8, 1864, in an appendix to the encyclical Quanta cura.

The 80-paragraph Syllabus of Errors enumerated the “principal errors and false doctrines” condemned in encyclicals, epistles, and other documents issued by Pius IX since he assumed the papacy. It condemned progressive scientific and social thought, freedom of conscience, separation of church and state, rationalism, democracy, socialism, and communism—any thinking that contradicted the interests and doctrine of the church, its claims to a superior role in society and the state, and the papacy’s claims to secular authority. The concluding paragraph condemned liberal Catholicism’s thesis that the “Roman pontiff can and should reconcile and harmonize himself with progress, with liberalism, and with modern civilization.” The resolutions of the First Vatican Council (1870) included the basic tenets of the Syllabus of Errors.

The decree Lamentabili, published in 1907 under Pius X, included a new, 65-paragraph Syllabus of Errors condemning modernist ideas in Catholicism.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the century between Pius IX's 1864 Syllabus of Errors and the Vatican II documents Dignitatis Humanae and Gaudium et Spes, the Church moved from vigorously condemning modern liberalism to issuing support for the principles of the free society.
His idea of tradition, based on the medieval concept, implicitly paralleled the American concept of democracy, Pope Pius IX's Syllabus of Errors (1864) notwithstanding; common people note the ways of the Creator in creations.
Other proposals called for a variety of works from a compendium of theology to an updated syllabus of errors, from a resource for bishops to a study text for children.
During his extended papacy, the First Vatican Council was held, the dogma of the Immaculate Conception was defined, the syllabus of errors was promulgated and the Papal States were lost.
Not since Pope Plus IX's Syllabus of Errors have so many Catholics been excoriated with such an avalanche of acrimony.
Many Catholics and other interested pope-watchers were astounded and disappointed at this odd coupling: of the engaging and optimistic pope who opened Vatican II with the 19th-century prelate who instituted the infamous Syllabus of Errors, pushed papal infallibility on the church, and declared war on modern culture, politics, and thought.
Although most aspects of modernity, including democracy, separation of church and state, religious freedom, socialism, and the truths of science, had been condemned by the 1864 Syllabus of Errors, Vatican II not only accepted democracy as a system of government but also the separation of church and state, with its guarantee of religious freedom for all.