Syllepsis


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Related to Syllepsis: synecdoche, syphilis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Syllepsis

 

(also called zeugma), a stylistic device consisting of the union of disparate terms in a common syntactic or semantic unit. An example of syllepsis with syntactic dissimilarity is “We love glory, we love to drown our dissipated intellect in drink” (A. S. Pushkin). This example unites direct objects which are expressed by a noun and an infinitive. An example of syllepsis with phraseological dissimilarity is I. A. Krylov’s line “The scandalmonger’s eyes and teeth flashed,” which combines the phrase “eyes flashed” with the extraneous word “teeth.” An example of syllepsis with semantic dissimilarity is “Filled with sounds and confusion” (A. S. Pushkin), which describes an emotional state and its cause. In elevated literary style, syllepsis gives an impression of nervous carelessness, and in low style it has a comic effect (“the rains and two students came”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also returns to Riffaterre's concept of syllepsis to explain the contraries and failures of art severed from reality, and to connect O'Brien's aesthetics to the metafictional sensibility of postmodernism.
Syllepsis we know as a familiar trope that consists of the simultaneous presence of two mutually exclusive meanings for one word.
That's a syllepsis at work pivoting not on a verb, but on the word "historical." Or these zeugma-esque and chiasmatically flavored excerpts from that same poem: Melting things on that scale beats the yo-yo I stoved to goo and a spanking, someone needs to come along and send us to bed without supper.
Chapter four, "Angles: The Heroic Frenzies," explores the usage of various tropes (oxymoron, syneciosis, syllepsis, and epadanos, to name a few) in Bruno's De gli eroici furori.
The precise, compact glossary of terms alone will answer many a teacher's prayer for just such an aide-memoire, since it includes definitions of many items beyond basic notions like rhyme schemes and meter; namely, tropes and figures, such as catachresis, syllepsis and synecdoche.
My essay 'Deconstruction and Zionism: Jacques Derrida's Specters of Marx', focuses upon related concerns, especially the syllepsis, or figural-literal doubling, of the terms messianicity and Abrahamic messianism in Specters of Marx.
I propose now to read this fragment along the lines suggested by Riffaterre as a subtext -- the hermeneutic model and extended metaphor of At Swim-Two-Birds and Trellis's pun acting within it as syllepsis, an intertextual link, con necting O'Brien's novel to an analogous passage in Finnegans wake.
Bradstreet's depiction of a "goodly river's side" refers, by way of syllepsis, to Christ's pierced side, from which issued the water of life, while Spenser telescopes Christ, cross, and tree to achieve a cognate allusive force.
"Crossing," first of all, is an instance of syllepsis, a figure in which one word is a pun for two different senses.