Pierre-Sylvain Maréchal

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Maréchal, Pierre-Sylvain

 

Born Aug. 15, 1750, in Paris; died Jan. 18, 1803, in Montrouge. French politician, philosopher, and writer.

In his works, Maréchal combined atheist materialism with an egalitarian communism and from these ideas formulated a pro-gram for revolutionary action. He expressed his views in witty pamphlets (For and Against the Bible, 1801) and in the didactic antireligious poem The French Lucretius (1781; final version 1797). In 1790, Maréchal headed the democratic weekly Revolutions de Paris. His antityrannical prophecy-farce Last Judgment Over the Kings (1793) is one of the best works of Jacobin theater.

Under the Directory, Maréchal joined the movement Conspiracy of the Equals, which was headed by G. Babeuf. He was the author of the first version of the Manifesto of the Equals, as well as of the society’s proclamation song. In 1799 he published the six-volume historical Enlightenment novel Travels of Pythagoras (published in Russia without the author’s name in 1804-10) and, in 1802, The History of Russia.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Izbrannye ateisticheskie proizvedeniia. Introductory article by Kh. N. Momdzhian. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Ocherki iz istorii dvizheniia dekabristov. Moscow, 1954. Pages 474-515.
Velikovskii, S. Poety frantsuzskikh revoliutsii 1789-1848. Moscow, 1963.
Oblomievskii, D. Literatura frantsuzskoi revoliutsii 1789-1794 gg. Moscow, 1964.
Dommanger, M. Sylvain Maréchal, L’egalitaire, “L’homme sans dieu”; Sa vie, son oeuvre. Paris, 1950.

S. I. VELIKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
I then consider a particularly innovative use of exemplary biographical schemata in the works of the revolutionary writer and activist Sylvain Marechal.
To answer these questions, let us now turn to the works of the revolutionary thinker and activist, Sylvain Marechal.
A militant atheist like 'Anacharsis' Clootz, whose circles he frequented, friend of the revolutionary journalist 'Anaxagoras' Chaumette, to whom he dedicated his poems, and mentor to 'Gracchus' Babeuf, Sylvain Marechal offers a privileged position from which to evaluate the revolutionary practice of identifying with and imitating exemplary lives.
Second, revolutionary ideology, and in particular the belief in human equality articulated by such radical militants as Sylvain Marechal and Gracchus Babeuf, presupposed the existence of a common vecu, itself constructed from parallel lives.
31) See Sylvain Marechal, De la vertu (Paris, 1807), p.
37) See Maurice Dommanget, Sylvain Marechal, L'Egalitaire et l'homme sans dieu (Paris, 1950).
El ideologo y militante babeuvista Sylvain Marechal es quien reabre la polemica en torno al estatuto de la mujer con su celebre Proyecto de una ley que prohiba a las mujeres aprender a leer.
Elle s'appuie sur un corpus qui pivote autour du Projet de loi portant defense d'apprendre a lire aux femmes, de Sylvain Marechal, et autour de la querelle du 18e siecle qui evolue, au 19e siecle, en quasiproces sur la nature de la femme - a-t-elle une raison, un esprit, une ame?
In 1801 the writer Sylvain Marechal even suggested women should be forbidden to learn to read.