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Swooning or fainting; temporary suspension of consciousness.



(fainting), an attack of weakness, dizziness, and darkening before the eyes. Caused by temporary cerebral anemia, syncope is followed by loss of consciousness, which may not be complete.

The causes of syncope are reflexive lowering of blood vessel tone during cardiovascular disease, loss of blood, or such external influences as pain, fear, anxiety, abrupt change from horizontal to vertical position, and insufficient fresh air. During an attack the patient is pale, his body is cold to the touch, and his breathing is shallow and infrequent.

Syncope lasts several seconds or minutes and usually passes spontaneously. If it persists, the patient should be placed on his back with his feet elevated, his collar and belt should be loosened to ensure circulation of fresh air, and his face should be sprinkled with cold water and his feet warmed with hot-water bottles; these measures will restore consciousness more quickly. If possible, the patient should be given strong, hot, sweetened tea, be propped up, and be helped to sit up. He should be allowed to stand only when he is in a satisfactory state. Syncope may be a symptom of serious disease; if it occurs, a medical examination is desirable.



in linguistics, the loss of a sound or group of sounds in a word, especially between stops, for example, Latin calidus> caldus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Professor Morice said: "Amnesia is typical in a patient who has cough syncope.
2001) suggests that blood phobic persons may be predisposed to vasovagal syncope in other non-phobic situations.
When the data were further analyzed by vaccine dose, only syncope on the day of vaccination and skin infection during the 2 weeks after remained significant.
When investigated and questioned carefully it has been realized that syncope occurred during sexual activity.
We appreciate the authors for their interest in reference to our article entitled 'A case of Iatrogenic hypothyroidism presented with cardio-inhibitory syncope and resolved with levothyroxine supplementation' in The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology in March 2012 (1).
With most benign cases of syncope, the physician should counsel the child and the parents about adequate hydration before participation in sports and to be mindful of getting enough salt in the diet.
Because psychiatric disorders often accompany vasovagal syncope, patients should undergo a thorough psychiatric evaluation, and any comorbid psychiatric disorders should be addressed according to current treatment guidelines.
A specific trigger provoking the syncope can commonly be identified.
The study involved 2,106 consecutive Emergency Department admissions for syncope in 1,920 patients aged 65 years and older.
With the initiation of insurance coverage, the device will mainly be sold to medical institutions which specialize in unexplained syncope or arrhythmia.
Her search unearthed a British site for STARS, short for Syncope Trust and Reflex Anoxic Seizures, a group founded in 1993.