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(sĭnĕk`dəkē), figure of speech, a species of metaphormetaphor
[Gr.,=transfer], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which one class of things is referred to as if it belonged to another class. Whereas a simile states that A is like B, a metaphor states that A is B or substitutes B for A.
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, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people." See metonymymetonymy
, figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
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a figure of speech and variant of metonymy by which the whole is made known by means of a part. There are two types of synecdoche. In the first, the whole is represented by a, part, which replaces the whole. For example, “Hey, beard! how can I get from here to Pliushkin’s?” (N. Gogol). Here the meanings of “man with a beard,” “bearded one” (“villein”), and “beard” are combined. In the second type of synecdoche, one grammatical number is used instead of the other: “And until dawn the Frenchman [the French] could be heard rejoicing” (M. Iu. Lermontov).

References in periodicals archive ?
The creative voice, synecdochically contained in the sonnet form, performs magic tricks that exceed what the body allows us to know.
Although some have noted the continuities between Trollope's providential explanations of the Famine and the apocalyptic discourse that pervaded Irish accounts of the disaster, (15) Castle Richmond now synecdochically confirms the perception that 'English novelists apparently found it so hard to empathize with Irish victims'.
This is no longer the story of the inevitable fate of a determined flirt, in which gaps in information signal, largely, lack of interest rather than mystery or hidden motive, but the story of a wolf in the fold, of an unscrupulous charmer, in whose character the citizens of Meryton and Brighton, synecdochically concentrated in the Longbourn family, were "most unhappily deceived.
Seen from this perspective, the mass media technologies of radio and the phonograph stand in synecdochically for the industrial changes transforming the lives of such laborers and driving nails in the coffin of the Old South.
Mandel helps us understand how and why Hemingway synecdochically established 1959 as the year in Ordonez's and Dominguin's careers, regardless of their previous and subsequent successes.
spreading up from the south" (7) and later synecdochically imagines through Bill Malmstrom, who admits to having his eye on her father's land "for quite some time" (102).
Hence he figures his army (in whom that nation is synecdochically represented) as "warriors for the working day" (4.
But it is also, synecdochically, the missing letter that promises fulfillment, the "hole-y" Word that will restore language to its prelapsarian state.
And just as these "scratches" come metaphorically to reflect both Jonas's literal patricide and the uncanny violence that suspends the signifying chain at this point in the novel, they also reflect synecdochically the particular inscription of the novel itself in which they appear.
Most glaringly, however, characters are connected synecdochically to their country.
Since animals could be seen to be metonymically or synecdochically linked to these oppressed human groups, they were drawn into the debate, and the continuum of better treatment and rights was also, to some extent, applied to them.
Synecdochically reduced to their hands, their faces and their identities are protected.