Synergism


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synergism

[′sin·ər‚jiz·əm]
(ecology)
An ecological association in which the physiological processes or behavior of an individual are enhanced by the nearby presence of another organism.
(materials)
An action where the total effect of two active components in a mixture is greater than the sum of their individual effects, for example, a mixture volume that is greater than the sum of the individual volumes, or in resin formulation, the use of two or more stabilizers, where the combination improves polymer stability more than expected from the additive effect of the stabilizers.

Synergism

 

(1) The joint and homogeneous functioning of systems and organs, including muscles.

(2) The combined action of medicinal agents on the body, whereby the overall effect exceeds the effect exerted by each component separately.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wear and Corrosion Synergism Evaluation Procedure (ASTM G119).
Synergism and negative interference during co-infection of tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana with two bipartite begomoviruses.
In order to study the trimetallic system we make a linear addition of both functions of individual synergism. Figure 5 represents the 3D graph of raw data given.
Observations Made in Bovine Chondrocytes Were Further Verified in the Same Type of Cells in Humans; Moreover, Moderate Synergism between HMGB1 and Fn-f Was Observed on Upregulation of MMPs; Even Stronger Synergism Was Observed between IL-1[beta] and Fn-f.
These effects can appear as positive or negative synergisms. If the specific numbers of related response sets are selected, the synergism (positive or negative) results will enhance the individual effect of each response.
Gegen and darifenacin together attained synergism for detrusor overactivity treatment via the neurogenic pathway.
The synergism ratio (SR = 0.35-fold) of coumaphos compared with coumaphos and TPP on field-collected varroa mites was insignificant (Table 1).
However, with the same flame retardant loading, CPZ combined with MCA system had a total self-extinguishment time less than 10 s (V0 rating), showing obvious synergism.
Metropolitan Ghattas referred to the UN honoring of His Highness the Amir as a "Humanitarian Leader" and Kuwait as a "Humanitarian Center", and emphasized His Highness the Amir's policy based on dialogue, synergism and love.
Aside from the customtailoring of their shows, Mackenzie added that synergism also helps them discover new talents and ideas.
Thus, the delegates considered the cluster approach, which provides its members with a new logic of competition, cooperation and control system - synergism on a basis of institutional interaction among industrial enterprises, research institutions and the state.