Syngman Rhee


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Rhee, Syngman

 

(Li Sung-man, Yi Sung-man). Born Mar. 26, 1875, in Seoul; died July 19, 1965, in Honolulu. South Korean political figure. The son of an impoverished aristocrat distantly related to the royal dynasty of Korea.

Rhee was educated in the USA (with degrees from George Washington University, Harvard, and Princeton). In 1948 the South Korean National Assembly “elected” Rhee president of the so-called Korean Republic. He was subsequently reelected to the post three times (1952, 1956, 1960). He was the leader of the ruling bourgeois-landowners’ Liberal Party. During the war in Korea (1950-53) the South Korean authorities with the support of foreign interventionists attempted to extend the antidemocratic Rhee regime throughout all Korea by force. Rhee opposed a solution to the Korean question by peaceful means and favored the stationing of American troops in South Korea. As a result of a popular uprising in April 1960, Syngman Rhee and his government were forced to resign. He went to Hawaii (USA) in May 1960, where he remained until his death.

References in periodicals archive ?
Syngman Rhee, 83, mission administrator, theological educator, and ecumenical statesman, January 14, 2015, in Atlanta, Georgia.
No less than Syngman Rhee, the president of the Republic of Korea at the time, summed up the South Korean's gratitude to the Filipino soldiers by saying: "There is no doubt about the bravery and fighting skill of the Filipino soldier.
Korean President Syngman Rhee responded to Walker's call for manpower by signing an emergency decree on July 25, 1950, that directed the Republic of Korea (ROK) Army to provide civilian carriers to haul supplies to the front line.
In 1960, South Korean students began an uprising that toppled the government of President Syngman Rhee a week later.
Syngman Rhee leveraged American backing to punish Korean rivals and consolidate a regime that relied heavily on former collaborators with the Japanese.
One day he told Wylly in confidence that Sze was actually Syngman Rhee, a Korean in exile who became the first president of democratic Korea 29 years later.
We were so afraid of the Syngman Rhee government's urge for unification which could result in another war that we kept the South Koreans from even building a simple ammunition plant.
In which Asian country was Syngman Rhee the first president from 1948 to 1960?
Japan incorporated the islets as part of Shimane Prefecture with a Cabinet decision in 1905, while South Korea drew the so-called "Syngman Rhee Line" between Japan and South Korea in 1952, delineating its territory including the isles.
Millett says: "Not the least of General [Matthew B.] Ridgway's challenges was keeping the South Korean army in the war." In addition, "Ridgway faced a major problem with Syngman Rhee," the imperious South Korean president, who feared the United States would abandon Korea.
Syngman Rhee was not a Christian convert when he was active in the Independence Club (68); he also rarely expressed his religious convictions in public, and the evidence is insufficient to firmly assert that he was an embodiment of "religious nationalism" (79).
Syngman Rhee, the first president of South Korea, may be the earliest incisive and intelligent investigation of an important North Asian speaker and the socio-cultural expectations and values that nourished him (Oliver, 1954, 1978).