Syngman Rhee


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Rhee, Syngman

 

(Li Sung-man, Yi Sung-man). Born Mar. 26, 1875, in Seoul; died July 19, 1965, in Honolulu. South Korean political figure. The son of an impoverished aristocrat distantly related to the royal dynasty of Korea.

Rhee was educated in the USA (with degrees from George Washington University, Harvard, and Princeton). In 1948 the South Korean National Assembly “elected” Rhee president of the so-called Korean Republic. He was subsequently reelected to the post three times (1952, 1956, 1960). He was the leader of the ruling bourgeois-landowners’ Liberal Party. During the war in Korea (1950-53) the South Korean authorities with the support of foreign interventionists attempted to extend the antidemocratic Rhee regime throughout all Korea by force. Rhee opposed a solution to the Korean question by peaceful means and favored the stationing of American troops in South Korea. As a result of a popular uprising in April 1960, Syngman Rhee and his government were forced to resign. He went to Hawaii (USA) in May 1960, where he remained until his death.

References in periodicals archive ?
Syngman Rhee leveraged American backing to punish Korean rivals and consolidate a regime that relied heavily on former collaborators with the Japanese.
One day he told Wylly in confidence that Sze was actually Syngman Rhee, a Korean in exile who became the first president of democratic Korea 29 years later.
We were so afraid of the Syngman Rhee government's urge for unification which could result in another war that we kept the South Koreans from even building a simple ammunition plant.
In which Asian country was Syngman Rhee the first president from 1948 to 1960?
In addition, "Ridgway faced a major problem with Syngman Rhee," the imperious South Korean president, who feared the United States would abandon Korea.
Syngman Rhee was not a Christian convert when he was active in the Independence Club (68); he also rarely expressed his religious convictions in public, and the evidence is insufficient to firmly assert that he was an embodiment of "religious nationalism" (79).
Syngman Rhee, the first president of South Korea, may be the earliest incisive and intelligent investigation of an important North Asian speaker and the socio-cultural expectations and values that nourished him (Oliver, 1954, 1978).
A brief meeting with the South Korean president, Syngman Rhee, was obligatory.
South Korea held elections sponsored by the United Nations, and Syngman Rhee became the nation's first President; he aggressively promoted attacking North Korea and used troops to control civil unrest at home.
Following an introductory overview of South Korea's nation- building efforts and South Korea after liberation in 1945, he presents a comparative, analytical assessment of the leadership styles and achievements of the country's first presidents, from Syngman Rhee to Roh Moo Hyun.
Of which country was Syngman Rhee the first president from 1948 to 1960?
Esta situacion podria alargarse hasta la dominacion japonesa en la zona de 1910-1945, ya que desde 1919 las elites coreanas, excluidas de la direccion del pais, constituyeron un movimiento de resistencia nacional y crearon un gobierno provisional en el exilio, primero en Shangai y despues en Washington, bajo la presidencia del doctor Syngman Rhee.