Synod of Whitby


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Related to Synod of Whitby: Danelaw, Gregory the Great, Hilda of Whitby

Whitby, Synod of,

called by King Oswy of Northumbria in 663 at Whitby, England. Its purpose was to choose between the usages of the Celtic and Roman churches, primarily in the matter of reckoning the date of Easter (see calendarcalendar
[Lat., from Kalends], system of reckoning time for the practical purpose of recording past events and calculating dates for future plans. The calendar is based on noting ordinary and easily observable natural events, the cycle of the sun through the seasons with equinox
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; Celtic ChurchCeltic Church,
name given to the Christian Church of the British Isles before the mission (597) of St. Augustine of Canterbury from Rome. Founded in the 2d or 3d cent. by missionaries from Rome or Gaul, the church was well established by the 4th cent.
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). Among those involved in the synod were Cædmon, the poet, and St. HildaHilda, Saint,
614–80, English abbess of Whitby, princess of Northumbria. She became a Christian at the age of 13 and a nun at 33. About 647 she set out for a convent in France, but was recalled by St. Aidan to found a convent on the banks of the Wear River. In 657, St.
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, the abbess of Whitby, who favored the Celtic usages. St. WilfridWilfrid, Saint,
634–709?, English churchman, b. Northumbria, of noble parentage. He was educated at Lindisfarne and Canterbury. With Benedict Biscop he traveled to Lyons and Rome in 654; Wilfrid remained to study in each city.
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, Abbot of Ripon was the chief spokesperson for the Roman usages. Oswy decided for the Roman usages and in so doing determined that the English church would be associated with the Roman in the main stream of Western European Christianity. Only a few of the Celtic clergy returned to the monastery of Iona and to their old ways. The traditional date (from Bede) of 664 has recently been interpreted as Sept. or Oct., 663.
References in periodicals archive ?
Synod of Whitby resolves differences between Celtic and Latin Christianity
Hilda's abbey at Whitby was a success and in 644 it was selected to host the renowned Synod of Whitby in an attempt to bring together the Celtic and Roman factions of Christianity.
Was the Synod of Whitby, the great gathering of the early church to settle the differences between the Roman and Celtic traditions of Christianity, really about the date of Easter and the way monks combed their hair?
His claim to fame was that he called together the Synod of Whitby in 664AD.
She ruled in turn in three monastries, Wearmouth, Hartlepool and finally Whitby, where she hosted the Synod of Whitby in 664.
At the Synod of Whitby in 664, called by King Oswy of Northumbria, the Roman version got the nod and the Irish-inclined Lindisfarne community began to decline.
Whitby's history covers important events in the life of the Church of England including the role of Abbess Hilda, the establishment of the abbey, the famous Synod of Whitby in AD 664 and St Mary's parish church on top of the East Cliff.
In that same year, the Synod of Whitby decided in favour of Roman Christianity and all British Christians had to follow.
I watch centuries flit past in seconds: 476 - the fall of the Roman Empire; 663 - the Synod of Whitby (the date is embedded in my memory but I've no idea what it was) .
"I also read quite a lot about Cuthbert who got the job of holding everything together after the Synod of Whitby. It can't have been an easy job."
Whitby Abbey THE place where the date of Easter was decided by the Synod of Whitby in 664AD - children can spend the Easter weekend hunting around the inspirational ruins to find hidden fairies.
She also held the famous Synod of Whitby where the observance of Easter and many other moot things were decided upon.