Synovial Membrane

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Related to Synovial Membrane: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, synovial joint

synovial membrane

[sə′nō·vē·əl ′mem‚brān]
A layer of connective tissue which lines sheaths of tendons at freely moving articulations, ligamentous surfaces of articular capsules, and bursae.

Synovial Membrane


the inner layer of an articular capsule or osteofibrous canal through which muscle tendons pass. A synovial membrane consists of connective tissue and is fined with endothelium. It produces synovia. Villi cover the membrane, thereby enlarging its surface. The synovial membrane is rich in blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerve endings. Metabolic processes between synovia and blood occur in a synovial membrane.

References in periodicals archive ?
T cells and T-cell cytokine transcripts in the synovial membrane in patients with osteoarthritis.
The following two types are described: diffuse (when a compartment or the entire synovial membrane of a given joint is affected) or localized (single mass).
An alternate explanation for the appearance of masses of cartilage and bone in the synovial lining of joints lies in the well-known phagocytic ability of synovial membrane.
39) Another study suggested that transplantation of PRP gel along with synovial membrane derived mesenchymal stem cells (SDSCs) can facilitate the repair of osteochondral lesions in rabbits' knees.
neutrophil elastase, interleukin-1 alpha and beta, tumour necrosis factor alpha, calpain, and hydroxyl radicals) by inflamed synovial membrane cells, although the precise pathogenic mechanism remains unknown [11].
1) Histopathological examination of the synovial membrane detect H.
Inflammation, swelling and hyperplasia of the synovial membrane, leading to:
The synovial membrane follows the path of the joint capsule, but in addition also extends superiorly behind the tendon of Quadriceps femoris to form the supra-patella bursa.
There was no erosion of bony structures, no loose bodies within the knee joint and no other pathological findings of the synovial membrane.
High pressure of CM into the synovial cavity adequately separated the MF from the DDFT and synovial membrane, allowing accurate identification (Figures 2(a) and 2(b)).
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease, characterized by chronic inflammation targeting the synovial membrane, cartilage, and bone.