Synthesis Gas


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synthesis gas

[′sin·thə·səs ‚gas]
(chemical engineering)
A mixture of gases prepared as feedstock for a chemical reaction, for example, carbon monoxide and hydrogen to make hydrocarbons or organic chemicals, or hydrogen and nitrogen to make ammonia. Also known as syngas.

Synthesis Gas

 

a synthetic gas produced by the gasification of solid fuels in gas generators into which a mixture of oxygen and steam can be blown. Ideally, synthesis gas contains 66 percent CO and 34 percent H2 by volume; however, under real conditions it also contains such components as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane. Synthesis gas is used in industry mainly as a raw material in chemical processing. Its high cost of production relative to other gases makes its use as a fuel economically unfeasible.

REFERENCE

Metallurgicheskoe toplivo: Spravochnik. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a third step, the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is used to convert the synthesis gas into long-chain hydrocarbon molecules, the raw materials for fuel production.
Eni developed the technology after an intensive R&D period and was coupled with Sabic's short contact time reactor R&D and the company's extensive knowledge of the integration of synthesis gas generation into processes.
The present invention will solve some problems associated with the existing industrial methane steam reforming catalysts." He added, "This reaction aims to produce synthesis gas (Syngas) (hydrogen and carbon monoxide mixture).
"This reaction aims to produce synthesis gas (syngas, hydrogen and carbon monoxide mixture).
The company has been chosen to develop a new cost-efficient gasifier, capable of converting low-grade coal into synthesis gas (syngas) that can be utilised in various applications.
With almost 50 years of experience, BASF offers its customers efficient solutions for the treatment of various gases such as natural gas, synthesis gas, and biogas.
Siemens is supplying a total of 10 gas turbines - that were specifically designed for synthesis gas (syngas) - to Saudi Aramco's project.
Sasol of South Africa converts synthesis gas into a broad range hydrocarbon streams using its slurry phase distillate process.
IGCC is a technology where coal and other carbon-based fuels are turned into synthesis gas, which is subsequently used to produce steam for power generation.
Prior to CB&I, Troxclair held similar leadership roles with responsibility for licensing, engineering and operations for gasification technology, which is used to convert coal or petroleum coke into a hydrogen rich, synthesis gas for power generation, substitute natural gas production and chemicals production.