Shiraz

(redirected from Syrah)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Syrah: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon

Shiraz

(shēräz`), city (1991 pop. 965,117), capital of Fars prov., SW Iran, at an altitude of c.5,200 ft (1,580 m). It is a commercial and industrial center and has long been known for its wines, carpets, and metalwork. Other manufactures include textiles, petrochemicals, cement, and sugar. An old settlement, Shiraz became an important commercial, military, and administrative center in the late 7th cent. In the 9th cent. two brothers of Imam Riza died in Shiraz; their tombs are still visited by pilgrims. From about the 10th cent. Shirazi traders were active along the E African coast. Timur sacked the city in the late 14th cent., but later, under the Safavids, it was embellished with numerous new buildings. Under Karim Khan, the city served (1750–79) as capital of Persia; it declined after Karim's successor, Aga Muhammad Khan, moved the capital to Tehran. Hafiz and Sadi, two of Persia's greatest poets, are buried in garden-enclosed tombs in Shiraz. A university and the Fars Museum are also in the city. Nearby are the ruins of PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
..... Click the link for more information.
, established by Darius I (fl. 521 B.C.–486 B.C.) as capital of the Persian empire. The palace was destroyed by Alexander in 330 B.C.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shiraz

 

a city in southwestern Iran, on the Bushire-Isfahan highway. Administrative center of the ostan(province) of Fars. Population, 370,000 (1975). Shiraz produces textiles, sugar, flour, wine, mineral fertilizers, cement, petroleum and attar of roses. The city is famous for its carpets, mosaics, and silver articles. It is the trade center of an agricultural region that produces roses, grapes, tobacco, and sugar beets. A university is located in the city.

Under the Sassanids a settlement stood on the site of Shiraz. A city was founded there by Arabs in the seventh century. From the tenth to mid-llth centuries, Shiraz was a center of the Buyid state. In the 14th century it was seized twice by Tamerlane. In the 14th and 15th centuries the Shiraz school of miniatures was famous. In the second half of the 18th century, under the Zands, the city was the capital of Persia. Shiraz was the birthplace of Saadi and Hafez. The ruins of Persepolis are located 50 km northeast of the city. Architectural monuments include the fortress walls. The Fars Museum, which houses works of Iranian applied art, is located in Shiraz. The Mausoleum of Saadi (1952, architect A. Godard) is nearby.

REFERENCE

Hatami, A. Shiraz. Tehran [1961].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Shiraz

a city in SW Iran, at an altitude of 1585 m (5200 ft.): an important Muslim cultural centre in the 14th century; university (1948); noted for fine carpets. Pop.: 1 230 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"A lot of people talk about Pinosity with regards to Hawke's Bay Syrah," winemaker Warren Gibson said.
At the same time, West Coast winegrowers like Fred Cline figured California's big, hot sun was best suited to Syrah and its thick skin, rather than relatively more delicate Cabernet Sauvignon.
Through campaigns around for example its recently unveiled slogan -- I say Syrah, you say Shiraz -- its aim is to create awareness of the superior and award-winning wines produced locally from this noble cultivar.
By 2020, Syrah says that it is projected to be the world's largest individual graphite producer, with approximately 40 percent market share from its Balama operation in Mozambique.
In particular, Barruol pulls from three lieu diets, small vineyard parcels, of very old vine Syrah. By law, Barruol must vinify these lots within the boundaries of Cote Rotie, after which they move the paltry nine barrels to their facility in Gigondas to age, bottle, and finally ship to the world.
* ** Cougar Crest Estate Winery 2012 Cougar Hills Vineyard Estate Grown Syrah (Walla Walla Valley; $38).
Natur Syrah revelation They have a fraction of the energy value of real wine.
Husk also offers a syrah from Stolpman Vineyards, the 2013 Original, which it sells by the bottle for $88.
Roussellet Fran" Gerard Bertrand Syrah, Carignan, Minervois 2013, AOC Minervois, France (PS9.99, Waitrose) Minervois is one of the most important red-producing appellations in the Languedoc with a wide range of grape varieties such as syrah, grenache, carignan and mouvedre.
Gerard Bertrand Syrah, Carignan, Minervois 2013, AOC Minervois, France (PS9.99, Waitrose): This trophy-winning blend of syrah and carignan produces concentrated flavours and was described as: "Vivid, structured and dense with plush, generous compact black fruits, with a persistent finish."
Gerard Bertrand Syrah, |Carignan, Minervois 2013, AOC Minervois, France (PS9.99, Waitrose) Minervois is one of the most important red producing appellations in the Languedoc with a wide range of grape varieties such as syrah, grenache, carignan and mouvedre.
It's a blend of handpicked syrah and carignan noir which grew in the sunshine of the LanguedocRoussillon region.