Syriac


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Related to Syriac: Syriac Orthodox Church

Syriac

(sēr`ēăk'), late dialect of AramaicAramaic
, language belonging to the West Semitic subdivision of the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic family of languages (see Afroasiatic languages). At some point during the second millenium B.C.
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, which is a West Semitic language (see Afroasiatic languagesAfroasiatic languages
, formerly Hamito-Semitic languages
, family of languages spoken by more than 250 million people in N Africa; much of the Sahara; parts of E, central, and W Africa; and W Asia (especially the Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and
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). The early Christians of Mesopotamia and Syria gave the Greek name Syriac to the Aramaic dialect they spoke when the term Aramaic acquired the meaning of "pagan" or "heathen." The oldest Syriac script, which dates back to the 1st cent. A.D., evolved from the Aramaic alphabet. Syriac began to yield to Arabic after the coming of Islam in the 7th cent. A.D. Today it survives as the tongue of a few thousand people in the Middle East. It is also used as a liturgical language of the Syrian Orthodox Church (see Jacobite ChurchJacobite Church
, officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
In "Syrische Quellen zur Geschichte des Christentums und des Judentums im vorislamischen Sudarabien, " Yury Arzhanov (Bochum) leaves the region of Syria behind to explore the reliability of several Syriac texts in the reconstruction of Jewish-Christian relations in southern Arabia to the seventh century.
loyalty to its original text, because there are hardly a handful of experts who are familiar with ancient Syriac language in the world.
To compound matters, ystanbul supported operations to seize control of the predominantly Syriac lands between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
The church is for the country's tiny Syriac community and will be built in the Istanbul suburb of Yesilkoy on the shores of the Sea of Marmara, which already has Greek Orthodox, Armenian and Catholic churches.
Younan and Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II stayed in Iraq for six days after arriving as part of a delegation of Catholic and Orthodox patriarchs who visited Irbil to give moral and spiritual support to the beleaguered Iraqis from the Ninevah Plain.
Dutch specialists in Bible translation Dyk and van Keulen present the results of the Computer Assisted Linguistic Analysis of the Peshitta project, in which a computer was used to help compare the Syriac Peshitta and the Hebrew Masoretic texts of the Books of Kings.
This is the first comprehensive reference encyclopedia devoted exclusively to Syriac Christianity (SC).
Part 2 offers chapters on the early Christian tradition, particularly Paul (77-96), and the subsequent Syriac Christian tradition, texts composed before Aphrahat's, most notably the Acts of Thomas (97-125).
The manuscripts have their special points of interest and one of them is the way the graceful and flowing Syriac script is peppered with dots.
MARDIN, Jun 13, 2011 (TUR) -- Turkey's first Syriac lawmaker said on Monday that his election as a parliamentarian was an important and historic step for brotherhood of nations.
This comes after a Syriac church was attacked in Baghdad on October 31, killing 46 people.
On Sundays families gather at the Syriac Orthodox church in Jordan's capital Amman to pray, socialize and mull over the best ways of securing a visa to enable them emigrate to the United States, Canada, Australia or Europe.