Syriac


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Related to Syriac: Syriac Orthodox Church

Syriac

(sēr`ēăk'), late dialect of AramaicAramaic
, language belonging to the West Semitic subdivision of the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic family of languages (see Afroasiatic languages). At some point during the second millenium B.C.
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, which is a West Semitic language (see Afroasiatic languagesAfroasiatic languages
, formerly Hamito-Semitic languages
, family of languages spoken by more than 250 million people in N Africa; much of the Sahara; parts of E, central, and W Africa; and W Asia (especially the Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and
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). The early Christians of Mesopotamia and Syria gave the Greek name Syriac to the Aramaic dialect they spoke when the term Aramaic acquired the meaning of "pagan" or "heathen." The oldest Syriac script, which dates back to the 1st cent. A.D., evolved from the Aramaic alphabet. Syriac began to yield to Arabic after the coming of Islam in the 7th cent. A.D. Today it survives as the tongue of a few thousand people in the Middle East. It is also used as a liturgical language of the Syrian Orthodox Church (see Jacobite ChurchJacobite Church
, officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
The city of Beirut carries in it the roots of Antioch and Syriacs," Ephrem said.
In the Syriac definition (item 2 above), the Greek for 'affections' (pathematon) is rendered as hashshe ('affections'), yet the Arabic translation has al-inficalat wa-l-ta'aththumt ('passions and affections').
The church will be built on land given by the local council and paid for by a Syriac group, the government spokesman, who asked not to be named, said.
Some of these dots are well understood, but some are not, so Coakley, who teaches Syriac to students in the Divinity and Middle Eastern Studies faculties, tried to make sense of it.
Dora said different groups and nations were living in Turkey, and he was elected with votes of Kurds, Arabs, Syriac, Mhallami and Yazidi people.
A bomb detonated on Sunday at a Syriac Orthodox church in Zahleh in the eastern Bekaa Valley leaving no injuries but causing severe damage to the place, the Beirut daily AL MUSTAQBAL and others reported on Monday.
There are always new faces in the crowd, like Suzanne Jilliani, her husband Hani Daniel and their year-old baby who fled after the October 31 attack on Baghdad's Syriac Catholic cathedral that left 46 worshippers dead.
Stang; (2) "The Earliest Syriac Reception of Dionysius" by Istvan Perczel; (3) "The Reception of Dionysius up to Maximus the Confessor" by Andrew Louth; (4) "The Reception of Dionysius in the Byzantine World: Maximus to Palamas" by Andrew Louth; (5) "The Early Latin Dionysius: Eriugena and Hugh of St.
These writers used the Greek, Latin, or Syriac versions of Isaiah, and Wilken begins each section of the commentary with a modern translation of the LXX.
The bible seized earlier in the week, which is written in the Syriac language was said to be 2,000 years old and worth around e1/42 million.
Orientalism, Aramaic and Kabbalah in the Catholic Reformation: The First Printing of the Syriac New Testament.
The present volume provides an excellent example of the presentation of an important source in translation for the benefit of scholars unable to read the text in its Syriac original.