Syriac


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Related to Syriac: Syriac Orthodox Church

Syriac

(sēr`ēăk'), late dialect of AramaicAramaic
, language belonging to the West Semitic subdivision of the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic family of languages (see Afroasiatic languages). At some point during the second millenium B.C.
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, which is a West Semitic language (see Afroasiatic languagesAfroasiatic languages
, formerly Hamito-Semitic languages
, family of languages spoken by more than 250 million people in N Africa; much of the Sahara; parts of E, central, and W Africa; and W Asia (especially the Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and
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). The early Christians of Mesopotamia and Syria gave the Greek name Syriac to the Aramaic dialect they spoke when the term Aramaic acquired the meaning of "pagan" or "heathen." The oldest Syriac script, which dates back to the 1st cent. A.D., evolved from the Aramaic alphabet. Syriac began to yield to Arabic after the coming of Islam in the 7th cent. A.D. Today it survives as the tongue of a few thousand people in the Middle East. It is also used as a liturgical language of the Syrian Orthodox Church (see Jacobite ChurchJacobite Church
, officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.
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).
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References in periodicals archive ?
The present work and its companion volume, Kabbalistic Scholars of the Antwerp Polyglot Bible (Leiden: Brill, 2007), flow directly from work on his dissertation, "Origins of Syriac Studies in the Sixteenth Century." On one level, Orientalism is a specialist's study that provides and corrects important details in the forty-year history of the publication of the 1555 editio princeps of the New Testament in Syriac in Vienna.
"The problem about this description is that a Syriac gospel-book could be from the 4th century, but it could date from several centuries after that, well into the middle ages.
He indicates the adjustments forced on the translator by the differences which separate Syriac from biblical Hebrew--and, interestingly, from biblical Aramaic.
In "Syrische Quellen zur Geschichte des Christentums und des Judentums im vorislamischen Sudarabien, " Yury Arzhanov (Bochum) leaves the region of Syria behind to explore the reliability of several Syriac texts in the reconstruction of Jewish-Christian relations in southern Arabia to the seventh century.
The Syriac Catholic church, with around 160,000 members and headquartered in Beirut, is one of several eastern Christian churches.
Mor Gabriel is a holy place for the Syriac community, said Kenan GE-rdal, deputy head of the ystanbul Syriac Kadim Church Foundation.
This is a lie, this is hypocrisy," Syriac Patriarch Ignatius Joseph III Younan told Catholic News Service.
Studies in the Syriac versions of the Bible and their cultural contexts; v.17
further claims that the original versions of the Koran were written in Garshuni, that is, in Arabic but written in Syriac letters.
Equally laudable is Walker's extensive discussion of the text, which contextualizes the narrative within the worlds of Syriac Christianity, Sassanian-Zoroastrianism, and late antiquity in general.
The work was the first translation of evangelical material into the Syriac language, was used and commented upon by the earliest writers in that language, and left its traces in all the Eastern churches stemming from Syriac Christianity.
Damascus, SANA -- Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All East held mass on Friday evening at the St.