Syriac Language

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Syriac Language


from the fifth century A.D., the written language of the Aramaic-speaking Christians of Southwest Asia; today, the language of worship among the Nestorians and Jacobites of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and other countries. Syriac is derived from the East Aramaic dialect of the area around the city of Edessa, in southeastern Turkey. Syriac literature flourished from the fifth to 17th centuries.

There are three varieties of Syriac script: “estrangelo” (the oldest), Nestorian, and Jacobite (serta or send). The Nestorian and Jacobite traditions in the pronunciation of texts have different vowel systems. The phonetics and morphology of Syriac are similar to those of Aramaic and Hebrew. The stress invariably falls on the final syllable (posttonic vowels have been dropped). The emphatic state of the noun (ending in -ā, -o) has lost its specific meaning and has almost displaced the absolute state. The system of verb forms has been simplified and regularized. Syriac has many loanwords, including loanwords from Middle Persian and, especially, Greek.


Brockelmann, C. Syrische Grammatik. Leipzig, 1955.
Brockelmann, C. Lexicon Syriacum. Halle, 1928.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(30.) For a discussion of differences in the use of [phrase omitted] + pronoun in Western and Eastern Aramaic, see Jan Joosten, The Syriac Language of the Peshitta and Old Syriac Versions of Matthew, 106-7.
Later studies by European experts on Syriac language showed that it is one of the most credible and ancient Bibles in the world.
He regards the Syriac language of the incantation bowls to be an organic entity without any significant sub-divisions.
Editor-in-Chief of the Syriac language Sabro newspaper Tuma Ecelik told Today's Zaman: "This attitude of 'returning' Mor Gabriel, as if it ever belonged to the state, is wrong.
Donning his green priestly attire, the Pope ascended to the altar's platform, surrounded by bishops, to a hymn titled "How I love your mercy", sang in the Syriac language of the Maronite rites.
He has authored two books on the language, and teaches classes at the Friends of Syriac Language Association in Bouchrieh.
Although the north's 'antiquities department' refused yesterday to comment on the bible, because it was "the subject of an ongoing inquiry", a statement from police said it was bound in deerskin, written in gold letters in the Syriac language, and believed to be around 2000 years old.
However, they had difficulty accepting the validity of the Syriac services, as well as problems learning the Syriac language. Eventually they came to provide domestic support for the male members of the mission who were tired of the regime of Maclean and Browne which required participation in things Syriac.
In a phone interview with Today's Zaman, SRF Sweden Chairman Anter said various issues faced by Turkey's Aramean Christians, such as their inability to open schools providing education in the Syriac language, difficulties with opening churches, official recognition of the Aramean identity and ongoing problems regarding property that has been seized by the Turkish state, were brought up during the meeting with Bay-yE-.
By "Syriac inscription" is meant not only the inscriptions in the Syriac language, but also those that are in another language, but written with the Syriac alphabet.
According to Mario Kozah, a professor of Syriac language and literature at the American University of Beirut, "Aramaic is a little bit like saying Arabic.
It is enough to glance at the headlines of the monthly Sabro ("Hope" in the Syriac language) to get a sense of the severity of the situation: "We are being rendered homeless; we exist; we want to be defined."