Syriac

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Syriac

(sēr`ēăk'), late dialect of AramaicAramaic
, language belonging to the West Semitic subdivision of the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic family of languages (see Afroasiatic languages). At some point during the second millenium B.C.
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, which is a West Semitic language (see Afroasiatic languagesAfroasiatic languages
, formerly Hamito-Semitic languages
, family of languages spoken by more than 250 million people in N Africa; much of the Sahara; parts of E, central, and W Africa; and W Asia (especially the Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and
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). The early Christians of Mesopotamia and Syria gave the Greek name Syriac to the Aramaic dialect they spoke when the term Aramaic acquired the meaning of "pagan" or "heathen." The oldest Syriac script, which dates back to the 1st cent. A.D., evolved from the Aramaic alphabet. Syriac began to yield to Arabic after the coming of Islam in the 7th cent. A.D. Today it survives as the tongue of a few thousand people in the Middle East. It is also used as a liturgical language of the Syrian Orthodox Church (see Jacobite ChurchJacobite Church
, officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.
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).
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References in periodicals archive ?
The President made these remarks during the inauguration of the new patriarchal headquarters of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the town of Al-Atshaneh in Metn's Bekfaya.
Tuma Ecelik, editor-in-chief at the Syriac newspaper Sabro, and Aynur EuzgE-n, coordinator of the Syriac Women's Center, both applied to represent the Syriac community in areas such as Mardin, E[currency]yrnak and Diyarbakyr.
Summary: Lebanon can be safeguarded through Muslim and Christian unity, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Ephrem II said over the weekend.
Speaking to Vatican Radio, Syrian Catholic Archbishop Jacques Behnan Hindo complained that Turkey does not allow Syriacs who are stuck in al-Hasakah and Qamishli to seek refuge.
Patriarch Mor Ignatius Aphrem II Karim, Patriarchof Antioch and All the East, Supreme Head of the Universal Syriac Orthodox church,presided over a Mass at the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch on Sunday, during whichhe stressed the sublime meanings of Easter, the feast that commemorates theResurrection of Jesus Christ, the messenger of love and peace.
Summary: The Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate said Sunday that it had no plans to relocate from its official residence in Damascus, despite ongoing battles between rebel and government forces in the Syrian capital.
Kawa Ezizi, on the other hand, said that Turks, Kurds, Arabs and Syriacs live in Syria but had never held a meeting before.
Summary: The patriarch of the Syriac Catholic Church demanded Sunday the creation of a parliamentary seat for the sect in Ashrafieh, as politicians struggle to agree on new elections legislation for this year's polls.
Damascus, (SANA)_ The Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch & All the East in Damascus said that ''there is no idea to move the official residence of the Apostolic See of Antioch from Damascus to any other place.'' The Patriarchate affirmed that the idea is totally rejected by Patriarch Mar Ignatius Zakka I Iwas and the Holy Synod of the Syriac Orthodox Church and the Syriacs all over the world.
But Mrad told Metn lawmaker that the community would boycott the legislative polls if it remained marginalized, renewing his party's call to allocate two seats for the Syriacs at the Parliament.
The Syriacs, that ancient community of Anatolia who hardly survived catastrophic events in their homeland, are a good example of this.
"The rights of the Syriacs and their representation should be ensured in accordance with Syriac history and presence in the country and in line with the principle of equality between the country's citizens," said Younan in a Christmas message delivered Wednesday.