Syromiatnikov, Sergei

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Syromiatnikov, Sergei Petrovich


Born June 28 (July 10), 1891, in the village of Kurby, in what is now Yaroslavl’ Oblast; died Mar. 4, 1951, in Moscow. Soviet specialist in locomotive construction and heat engineering. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1943). Member of the CPSU from 1946.

Syromiatnikov graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School in 1917 and taught there from 1918 to 1941. In the years 1918–27, he also worked at the Railroad Experimental Institute, and from 1921 to 1925 he taught the higher technical courses of the People’s Commissariat of Railroad Transportation. Syromiatnikov taught at the Moscow Institute of Railroad Transportation from 1925 to 1931 and at the Moscow Electromechanical Institute of Railroad Transportation Engineers from 1931 to 1949. From 1940 to 1943, he was chief expert on locomotives in the technical division of the People’s Commissariat of Railroad Transportation.

Syromiatnikov did pioneering work on the scientific design of locomotives. He developed theories on thermal processes and on the function of the boiler firebox in locomotives. Syromiatnikov was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1943. He also received the Order of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.


Parovozy: Teplovaia rabota, dinamika, avtotormoza. Moscow, 1949.
Teplovaia rabota parovoznoi topki. Moscow, 1953.


Sergei Petrovich Syromiatnikov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. (Materials for a biographic bibliography of scientists of the USSR.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.