The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a megye (county) in northeastern Hungary. Area, 5,935 sq km; population, 70,800 (1975). The administrative center is the city of Nyíregyháza. Szabolcs-Szat-már is located in the Tisza River basin, in the eastern part of the Central Danubian Plain (Alföld). The Nyírség, a plateau, is in the central region of the megye.

Szabolcs-Szatmár has an agricultural and industrial economy. In 1970, 44.3 percent of the working population was employed in agriculture, and 29 percent in industry and construction.

Grain crops, such as wheat and corn, predominate in the Tisza Valley. Potatoes and rye are the chief crops in the central region; the megye is the leading potato producer in the country. Also cultivated are sunflowers, fruits, and vegetables. Particularly important fruit crops are winter varieties of apples, which are produced for export, and grapes. Szabolcs-Szatmár has the largest tobacco crop in Hungary. Livestock is raised, including cattle, swine, and sheep.

The traditional food and condiments industry of the megye has grown considerably. The principal branches of this industry are the milling, distilling, starch-dextrin, and tobacco industries. New industry has also developed; for example, machine-building (including instrument-making) and chemical plants have been constructed. The chief industrial centers are Nyíregyháza, Kisvárda, which has an ironworks and an insulator plant, Mátészalka, which has optical and tool-making plants, Nyírbátor, which produces motorcycle parts and footwear, and Nyírbogdány, which has an oil refinery. On the Tisza River at Tiszalök are a hydroelectric power plant and a reservoir.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.