Ferenc Szálasi

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Szálasi, Ferenc

 

Born Jan. 6, 1897, in Kassa; died Mar. 12, 1946, in Budapest. Hungarian political figure.

The son of a soldier, Szálasi became an officer and from 1925 to 1930 he was attached to the general staff. In 1935 he founded the fascist party of National Will. Accused of anti-Horthy activity, he was imprisoned from 1938 to 1940. Szálasi was the leader of the Nazi Arrow Cross Party (see NYILASISTS). In August 1944 he planned, with the support of the Hitlerites, to seize power so as to prevent Hungary from withdrawing from World War II. Szálasi was in power as “leader of the country” from October 1944 to March 1945 in the parts of Hungary that had not been liberated from the fascist German occupation forces. In 1946 the Hungarian People’s Tribunal sentenced him to death as a war criminal.

REFERENCE

Pushkash, A. I. Vengriia v gody vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The government turned to the pro-German leader of the Arrow Cross Party Ferenc Szalasi, who began to raise new armies to oppose the expected Soviet invasion.
The Germans and their vicious Hungarian Arrow Cross allies, led by Ferenc Szalasi, took power.
Payne propuso una clasificacion mas a detalle y sugirio cinco variantes: el paradigmatico fascismo italiano, el nacionalsocialismo aleman, el falangismo espanol, la legion rumana (la Guardia de Hierro) y el hungarismo de Szalasi (la Cruz Flechada).
Homan had served as minister of culture in several interwar governments, was a strong supporter of anti-Jewish legislation, and remained a member of the Hungarian parliament even under the Arrow Cross government of Szalasi installed by the Germans after invading Hungary in 1944.
Perhaps the briefest entry of the diary on 30 September 1944 carries the terrible rumor that former Prime Minister Imredy has reached an agreement with Ferenc Szalasi (the Arrow Cross leader) who will form a government with the express mandate of exterminating the remaining Jews and some Hungarians.
The Germans arrested Horthy for attempting to make peace with the Soviets and replaced him with Ferenc Szalasi, the fanatical leader of the fascist Arrow Cross Party.
Ferenc Szalasi, the leader of Hungary's wartime fascist Arrow Cross party, espoused the existence of a "Turanian-Hungarian" race.
The sources for this comparative study are the works of Szalasi Ferenc (17) (and a short work of Malnasi Odon and Berzy Joszef, based on Szalasi's writing) (18), Matolcsy Matyas (19) and Rattkay Radich Kalman (20), who may be considered the most forthright and detailed programmatic writers of their age.
Ornegin Shafir Romanya'daki radikal partiler ailesini Ion Antonescu, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Ferenc Szalasi, Ante Pavelic ya da Nicolae Ceausescu gibi tarihsel fasist ya da komunist figurlerin politikalarina hayranlik duyan ve surdurmeye calisan "radikal devamlilik" partileri ile azinlik ve yabanci dusmanligindan beslenen "radikal donus" partileri olarak iki baslik altinda incelemekte, bu arada Tudor'un PRM'sini birinci kategoriye dahil etmektedir.
The room itself designed to look like a conference room and a speech given by Ferenc Szalasi, the head of the Arrow Cross, plays in the background.
With the liberating Soviet army already closing in from the east, Eichmann's cause was assisted by Ferenc Szalasi and his ultra-Nazi Arrow Cross government of misfits and thugs the Germans installed as a last-minute gamble to forestall defeat.