Székely

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Székely

(sā`kəlē), ethnic group of TransylvaniaTransylvania
, Rom. Transilvania or Ardeal, Hung. Erdély, Ger. Siebenbürgen, historic region and province (21,292 sq mi/55,146 sq km), central Romania.
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 and of present-day Romania. Except in a few isolated communities, where the ancient customs of the Székely have survived, there is little difference between Székely and MagyarsMagyars
, the dominant people of Hungary, but also living in Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, and Serbia. Although in the past it was thought a common origin existed among the Magyars, the Huns, the Mongols, and the Turks, modern research has disproved this claim.
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. The Székely (also known as Szeklers or Siculi) came into Transylvania either with or before the Magyars. Their organization was of the Turkic type, and they are probably of Turkic (possibly Avar) stock. By the 11th cent., however, they had adopted Magyar speech. They later formed one of three privileged nations of Transylvania (the others were the Magyars and the Saxons). With their own military and civil organization, they enjoyed autonomy under the Hungarian crown and were, without exception, regarded as of noble birth; they were exempt from taxation. In the 16th cent. the majority of the Székely accepted Calvinism as their religion, while some became Unitarians or remained Roman Catholics. Their privileges declined in the 18th cent. under the rule of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. The Austrian attempt to impress the Székely into service as a border militia met with widespread resistance. In 1763 a large number of Székely who sought to escape the Austrian recruiting agents were massacred at Madefalva. Many subsequently emigrated to Bukovina and Moldavia. The last remnants of Székely autonomy were suppressed by Austria after the Revolution of 1848. In post-cold-war Romania, where the Székely form roughly a third of the ethnic Hungarian population, members of the group have been among the most vocal Hungarians seeking an autonomous Hungarian region in Transylvania.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conservative Jacob Young took a former Labour seat in Coulby Newham's recent by-election Virgil Szekely said people in the area are fed up of voting
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8,2011, the IRS mailed Szekely notice of this filing, which informed him of his right to request a Collection Due Process (CDP) hearing.
Sitaraman, the panelists included Clark professors Taner Akcam, Anita Hausermann Fabos, Douglas Little and Ora Szekely.
The triggering event was the Eurochallenge Cup basketball match on February 19, 2013, when the town of Tiszaliget hosted the Hungarian Szolnoki Olaj and the Israeli Hapoel Holon--and the Hungarian flag and/or Szekely flag (the type of flag used by a subgroup of the Hungarian minority living mostly in Szekely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania, Romania) was prohibited from being displayed in the Tiszaliget sports hall.
When there are lots of males in a population, it's harder to find females, so it benefits males to stay with their mate and look after the young," Bristol researcher Tamas Szekely said.
ART TEACHING: Elementary through Middle School (2012; $160), by George Szekely and Julie Alsip Bucknam.
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