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(sā`kĕshfĕ'hârvär), Ger. Stuhlweissenburg, city (1991 est. pop. 109,100), W central Hungary. It is a county administrative center, a road and rail junction, and an industrial center, with industries producing radios, televisions, motorcycles, machine tools, and computer parts. It is also a market center for horses, wines, and farm produce. Dating from Roman times and known until the middle 16th cent. as Alba Regia, it was (1027–1527) the coronation and burial place of Hungary's kings. An important fortress town, Székesfehérvár was destroyed during the Turkish occupation of Hungary (1543–1688) and rebuilt in the 18th cent. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric and has two palaces, several churches, and a museum containing Roman antiquities. The city was heavily damaged during World War II.



a city in Hungary, administrative center of the megye (county) of Fejér. Population, 72,500 (1970). An important transportation junction, Székesfehérvár is situated on a plain east of the Bakony Mountains. It is a major center for machine-building; enterprises include the Videoton Radio and Television Plant, the Ikarus Bus Plant, and a machine-tool plant. It also has a plant for the production of rolled aluminum. Other industries include the cotton, clothing, and food industries.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), fierce battles were fought in March 1945 to the east and south of Székesfehérvár. Soviet troops from the Third Ukrainian Front repelled a counterblow by the fascist German Sixth Panzer SS Army and Sixth Army during the Balaton defensive operation of Mar. 6–15, 1945. Assuming the offensive, they liberated the city on March 23.

The center of Székesfehérvár has the winding streets of a medieval city. Architectural monuments include ruins of a Romanesque royal basilica (early 11th century), the Gothic St. Anne’s Chapel (c. 1480), and several baroque structures, including a Jesuit church (1745–51, architect M. Grábner), with frescoes executed between 1748 and 1752 by C. F. Sambach, and a Carmelite church (1731–69), with frescoes executed in 1767 by F. A. Maulbertsch. The city has a baroque cathedral (1758–68) that incorporates remains of a previous Gothic structure; it features frescoes executed in 1768 by J. Cymbal. Examples of classicism include the Episcopal Palace (1800–01) and the County Council House (1807–12, architects J. Tégl and M. Pollack). Székesfehérvár has an equestrian statue of a hussar by P. Patzay (bronze, 1939).

References in periodicals archive ?
Elisabeth was born in Szekesfehervar, Hungary, emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina after World War II, and moved with her family to Worcester, Massachusetts in 1963.
Hal Robson-Kanu, of Reading, lifted spirits post Montenegro with the only goal of the game in front of a frenzied crowd in Szekesfehervar.
Iz-abella Mezo from the Szent Gyorgy Hospital in Szekesfehervar, Hungary, compared fasting and postprandial lipid levels among 102 nondiabetic patients (44 men), and found that the only significant differences in any lipid parameters were between fasting and nonfasting triglycerides.
Denso (TYO: 6902) (NASDAQ-OTCBB:DNZOY), a Japan-based auto parts manufacturer, is laying off 800 workers at its Hungarian plant in Szekesfehervar, effective October 1, 2009.
20) Some clergymen were even awarded the rank of officer in the army, such as Ignac Lenzser, diocesan chaplain in Szekesfehervar, lieutenant of the 49th battalion, (21) or Isvan Kovacs, a Roman Catholic administrator from Bocsar, a major in the Hungarian army, organiser and gallant commander of the "battalion of Torontal".
The operator has introduced service in Budakeszi, Balatonszeplak, KaposvAr, NyiregyhAza, SzekesfehervAr, Szombathely, Taksony, Tihany, SalgotarjAn, SzekszArd, Zalaegerszeg, Urom, Dunakeszi and VeresegyhAza.
In addition to the metalcasting expansions, Alcoa's Power and Propulsion Systems' global manufacturing capabilities now include a new airfoil post-cast operation in Szekesfehervar, Hungary, and an expansion of airfoil post-cast operations in Acuna, Mexico.
injection molder Erie Plastics (Pennsylvania) reports that it has "assumed standalone control" of its operations based in Szekesfehervar, Hungary, per an agreement to dissolve a four-year strategic partnership with Loranger Ipari.
jp/en) is committing a significant portion of its European resources to develop advanced common-rail injection systems, basing its manufacturing in the city of Szekesfehervar, Hungary*, where low-wage, high-skilled labor is abundant.
I print for companies that come from Western Europe to Hungary," says Csego Csepregi, owner and general manager of Bar Code Label in Szekesfehervar, Hungary.
The railway stations of Rakospalota-Ujpest, Szekesfehervar and Erd will be modernised, and line sections amounting to some 100 kilometres of the Hungarian railway network will be upgraded in various parts of the country.
She places particular emphasis on Maximilian's failure in the Hungarian military campaign of 1566 which ended chaotically before Szekesfehervar.