Szeklers

Szeklers

 

(Hungarian, székely), an ethnographic group of Hungarians living in the mountains of Transylvania (Rumania).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Gate also reminds us of solidarity, in view of the fact that the Szeklers fought for freedom and national independence for centuries, just like the Kumans and the Hajds, he added.
the Romanians were completely ousted, both as an ethnicity and by way of the religion they embraced, from the political life of the Hungarian and, later, the Austrian and the Austro-Hungarian State, only the Hungarians, the Szeklers and the Saxons enjoying all the privileges and rights entailed by their presence in the local and central institutions of the state.
Szeklers are a population that settled in the 12th century in Eastern Transylvania, but there is still a great debate about their origins.
Table 2: Respondents' perception of the boundaries of the primarily national group of identification Categories Higher educated Lower educated Transylvanian Hungarian CN:5 TG:5 SG:4 CN:5 TM:3 SG:5, MC:1 Hungarian from Romania O:3 O:1 Hungarians CN:1 MC:1 Hungarian living in Romania SG:1 CN:1, SG:1 Szeklers CN:1 SG:2 MC:3 SG:2, MC:3 Hungarian with Romanian O:1 citizenship Other (local identities) CN:1 SG:1 Note: The abbreviations are location indicators as follows: CN: Cluj-Napoca, TM: Targu-Mures, SG: Sfantu Gheorghe (Covasna), MC: Miercurea Ciuc (Harghita), O: Oradea (Bihor), B: Band (Mures).
We want both cultural and territorial autonomy: cultural autonomy for the whole Hungarian community in Transylvania, and territorial autonomy for Szeklers in the 'Szekely Land'" (cited in Revista 22, 2013).
Harghita County lies in a depression surrounded by the Eastern Carpathians, being split in the middle by the Gurghiu Mountains and Harghita, the sacred mountain of the Szeklers, which is also the youngest member of the volcanic mountain range of the Eastern Carpathians.
Transylvania Uncovered offers accommodation in guesthouses faithfully restored by the Mihai Eminescu Trust in Saxon villages, or in stylish houses renovated by a genuine Transylvanian Count, Discover a virgin landscape and travel through time for a unique insight into the real Transylvania--the diverse cultures of the Szeklers, Saxons, and Romanians, interwoven with the region's history, architecture, wildlife and natural beauty Transylvania uncovered.
Thus, the Germans (Saxons) became Lutheran, (most of) the Hungarians converted to Calvinism, the Szeklers remained largely Catholic and the Romanians themselves remained, with few exceptions, Orthodox.
President PCM, Jeno Szasz said on Wednesday in a press conference that <<Szeklers do not threaten Romania, but Szeklers are challenged in a very rude>> while deputy party Csaba Farkas said that there is an <<ethnical>> tension Szeklers" (16).
A good example for this are the problems and controversies on the question of how to learn Romanian language in the region, as mother tongue or as foreign language--of Szeklers (Harghita, Covasna), where the pupils have the biggest Romanian language deficit.
in Transylvania the orthodox and the Greek-Catholics are mostly Romanians, the Evangelicals and the Lutherans are Saxons, the Catholics originate from Hungarians, Germans and Szeklers and the Reformed and the Unitarian are mainly Hungarian.
Among other provisions contained in this international instrument can be remembered: the acquisition of Romanian nationality by operation of law, the mere fact of birth within the Romanian territory, recognition of Jews as subjects of law, no discrimination on grounds of religion, creed or confession, admission to public offices, Romanian subjects equal treatment for ethnic minorities, religion or language, local autonomy and Szeklers and Saxon communities in Transylvania in religious and educational matters.