Born Feb. 16, 1833, in Bodzentyn, near Kielce; died Sept. 6,1876, in Paris. Polish painter; representative of democratic realism.
Szermentowski studied in Warsaw with F. Kostrzewski in 1851 and 1852, at the School of Fine Arts from 1852 to 1857, and at J. Kossak’s studio. He moved to Paris in 1860. Szermentowski painted melancholy, softly colored landscapes and genre landscape compositions marked by the influence of the Barbizon school; of particular interest are Polish Village (c. 1868, National Museum, Kraków) and Village Church (1870, National Museum, Poznań).