Szilard-Chalmers Reaction

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Szilard-Chalmers Reaction

 

a reaction in which a cleavage of chemical bonds occurs in a compound when the radioactive nuclei formed upon bombardment with neutrons or gamma quanta acquire significant energy. The bond cleavage permits the separation of radioactive atoms. The reaction was discovered in 1934 by L. Szilard and T. Chalmers in Great Britain during the separation of a radioisotope of iodine,l28I, from the neutron-irradiated compound C2 H5 I. The Szilard-Chalmers reaction underlies the methods for separating radionuclides formed in a (n, γ)nuclear reaction.

REFERENCES

Szilard, L., and T. A. Chalmers. “Chemical Separation of the Radioactive Element from its Bombarded Isotope in the Fermi Effect.” Nature, 1934, vol. 134, no. 3386.
Radiokhimiia i khimiia iadernykh protsessov. Edited by A. N. Murin (with others). Leningrad, 1960.
Haissinsky, M. N. ladernaia khimiia i ee prilozheniia. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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