Szombathely


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Szombathely

(sôm`bŏt-hā'), Ger. Steinamanger, city (1991 est. pop. 85,700), W Hungary, near the Austrian border. An important railway junction, it produces leather goods, agricultural machinery, textiles, and shoes and is also a market for local farm products. Szombathely has been an episcopal see since the 17th cent. and has a women's college. The city was founded in A.D. 48 by the Roman emperor Claudius and called Sabaria. Septimius SeverusSeverus
or Septimius Severus
(Lucius Septimius Severus) , 146–211, Roman emperor (193–211), b. Africa. He was campaigning in Pannonia and Illyria when the emperor Commodus was murdered.
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 was proclaimed (193) emperor there, and St. Martin of Tours was born (c.316) in the city. Szombathely was destroyed (5th cent.) by the Huns but was rebuilt. The city has an 18th-century cathedral, a 17th-century Dominican church, and an episcopal palace with a museum of antiquities. Ruins of a triumphal arch, an amphitheater, and an aqueduct have been excavated nearby.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Szombathely

 

a city in western Hungary. Administrative center of the megye (county) of Vas. Population, 64,700 (1970). Szombathely, a railroad junction, produces agricultural machines, equipment for public food services, textiles (cotton and wool), footwear, lumber, furniture, and foodstuffs.

The city arose on the site of the ancient Roman city of Savaria, which was founded in the mid-first century. Architectural monuments include remains of a temple of Isis (late second to early third century), ruins of a basilica of St. Quirinus (fourth century), a baroque episcopal palace (1779–80, architect M. Hefele; frescoes from 1783 by F. A. Maulbertsch), and a cathedral (1795–97, architect M. Hefele). The Savaria Museum has collections of ancient Roman art and folk art and a picture gallery.

REFERENCE

Kádár, Z, and L. Balla. Savaria. Budapest, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Szombathely

a city in W Hungary: site of the Roman capital of Pannonia. Pop.: 81 113 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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