TCP/IP

(redirected from TCIP)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.
Related to TCIP: TCPI, TCPIP

TCP/IP

TCP/IP

(protocol)
Transmission Control Protocol over Internet Protocol.

The de facto standard Ethernet protocols incorporated into 4.2BSD Unix. TCP/IP was developed by DARPA for internetworking and encompasses both network layer and transport layer protocols. While TCP and IP specify two protocols at specific protocol layers, TCP/IP is often used to refer to the entire DoD protocol suite based upon these, including telnet, FTP, UDP and RDP.

See also ICMP, SMTP, SNMP.

TCP/IP

(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) The most widely used communications protocol. TCP/IP prepares and forwards data packets over a network such as Ethernet. Developed in the 1970s under contract from the U.S. Department of Defense, TCP/IP was invented by Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn. This de facto Unix standard is the protocol of the Internet and the global standard for local and wide area networks, the major exception being the traditional networks of the telephone companies. However, telephone companies that deploy voice over IP (VoIP) networks are, in fact, using TCP/IP as well (see VoIP).

TCP/IP is commonly referred to as just "IP," which is the network layer of the protocol (see illustration below); thus, the terms "TCP/IP network" and "IP network" are synonymous.

Reliable and Unreliable Modes of Delivery
The TCP/IP suite provides two transport methods. TCP ensures that data arrive intact and complete, while UDP just transmits packets. TCP is used for data that must arrive in perfect form, and UDP is used for real-time applications such as voice over IP (VoIP) and video calling, where there is no time to retransmit erroneous or dropped packets.

IP Makes It Routable
TCP/IP is a routable protocol, and the IP network layer in TCP/IP provides this capability. The header prefixed to an IP packet contains not only source and destination addresses of the host computers, but source and destination addresses of the networks they reside in. Data transmitted using TCP/IP can be sent to multiple networks within an organization or around the globe via the Internet, the world's largest TCP/IP network.

The IP Address Identifies Everything
Every node in a TCP/IP network requires an IP address (an "IP") which is either permanently assigned or dynamically assigned (see IP address and DHCP). For an explanation of how the various layers in TCP/IP work, see TCP/IP abc's and OSI model. For a conceptual picture, see communications protocol. See protocol stack, TCP/IP port, DNS and IP on Everything.


The TCP/IP Stack
The TCP or UDP transport layer 4 sends packets to IP network layer 3, which adds its own header and delivers a "datagram" to a data link layer 2 protocol such as Ethernet, ATM or SONET. See datagram.
References in periodicals archive ?
'TCIP's innovative use of the capital markets illustrates the continuing growth of the insurance-linked securities market,' said Paul Traynor, head of insurance services for Europe, the Middle East and Africa at BNY Mellon.
In addition to its core earthquake insurance functions, it is expected that the TCIP would also greatly contribute to the better enforcement of building codes through a commercial arrangement with independent engineering firms that would be retained to certify the construction quality of new residential dwellings to be insured under the plan.
In fact, several TCIP grant awardees have gone on to receive more funding and enjoy bigger success in the state's Silicon Slopes.
US RE and its Turkish partner, Turker Insurance and Reinsurance Brokers, will act as part of Consortium Brokers to place reinsurance for the TCIP's earthquake risk.
TCIP is a quasi-governmental entity that was created to provide basic insurance protection against earthquakes.
The TCIP program ensures new technologies within Utah are being developed and commercialized with the end goal of creating jobs.
After the initial TCIP grant application and screening process, ElastoCrete advanced to the presentation round.
Another TCIP $100,000 grant recipient, Storj, couldn't agree more.
The TCIP grants help companies secure funding at a critical early point in their lifecycle, resulting in long-term success and economic development in Utah.
"TCIP is the premier grant program in the state for helping commercialize new technologies that have been developed by Utah colleges and universities," says David Bradford, TCIP program director.