Timar


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Timar

 

a conditional hereditary fief in the Ottoman Empire during the Middle Ages. A timar was granted from state lands to someone who performed military service accompanied by armed horsemen—one horseman for every 3,000 aspers (silver coins of small denomination) of income. The holder of a timar (the timariot) was obliged to serve in the Turkish Army’s campaigns. The size of a timar could be increased in return for special services rendered by the timariot.

In the 1830’s, the timar system was abolished, since it had become unworkable as a result of the timariots’ appropriating the timars and refusing to do military service in return.

REFERENCES

Tveritinova, A. S. Agrarnyi stroi Osmanskoi imperil XV–XVII vv. Moscow, 1963. (Contains bibliography.)
Mutafčieva, V., and S. Dimitrov. Sur l’Etat du système des timars des XVII–XVIII siècles. Sofia, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to this very basic flaw, Timar - apparently sensing the need to inject even more frenzied action into the mix - gives the film a most irritating visual look, tilting the camera for no good reason, and regularly having his characters bounce through their scenes in pixilated fashion.
DEBUT DELIGHT: Stephen Ward celebrates after opening his account for Wolves; HIGH KICKS: Stephen Ward battles Krisztian Timar; THE EQUALISER: Seyi Olofinjana is congratulated after grabbing a point for Wolves
* Peter Timar is editing the privately financed "Zimmer Frei," produced by Megafilm.
Adkins was furious after Timar's challenge left striker Jonathan Forte nursing a cracked cheekbone.
Argyle completely lost their confidence after conceding and worse Was to follow as they were reduced to 10 men on 35 minutes when Hungarian central defender Krisztian Timar was red carded for the second yellow.
Halmosi whipped in a wicked delivery which was met by a towering header from his fellow Hungarian Krisztian Timar on 67 minutes.
The Bulgaria striker needs surgery after being left with a fractured knee and cruciate ligament damage following a challenge by Krisztian Timar in Tuesday's 2-1 home defeat by Plymouth.
Plymouth were reduced to 10 men after 24 minutes when Hungarian defender Krisztian Timar was sent off for his second bookable offence.
Plymouth, initially stunned by their opponents' dramatic improvement, came close when Abdou headed over from close range, and Krisztian Timar had the ball in the net but was adjudged to have fouled Lee.
Svet Todorov, booked for a challenge on Timar, was stretchered off three minutes later when Timar went through him from behind, escaping a booking - although 10 were cautioned.
PLYMOUTH: Stack 6 - Duguid 5, Doumbe 5, Seip 5 (Timar, 85mins), Barker 5 - *PUNCHEON 7, Walton 5 (McNamee, 66mins, 5), Summerfield 6, Clark 5 - Mackie 5 (MacLean, 66mins, 5), Fallon 6.
Sylvain Ebanks-Blake's ninth goal of the season from a first-half penalty put Plymouth ahead before Krisztian Timar's 71st-minute own goal gave Bristol City a deserved share of the points.