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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a conditional hereditary fief in the Ottoman Empire during the Middle Ages. A timar was granted from state lands to someone who performed military service accompanied by armed horsemen—one horseman for every 3,000 aspers (silver coins of small denomination) of income. The holder of a timar (the timariot) was obliged to serve in the Turkish Army’s campaigns. The size of a timar could be increased in return for special services rendered by the timariot.

In the 1830’s, the timar system was abolished, since it had become unworkable as a result of the timariots’ appropriating the timars and refusing to do military service in return.


Tveritinova, A. S. Agrarnyi stroi Osmanskoi imperil XV–XVII vv. Moscow, 1963. (Contains bibliography.)
Mutafčieva, V., and S. Dimitrov. Sur l’Etat du système des timars des XVII–XVIII siècles. Sofia, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Timara said her final goodbye to Junior on August 6, 2007, but made sure she spent the last few weeks taking him to places he'd never been.
Today Timara, 27, of Consett, County Durham, said: "Junior had his second birthday on July 4, but it was a day tinged with sadness as we knew he didn't have long to live.
HEARTBREAK Timara Lock with her late son Junior Kennedy, who died from neuroblastoma shortly after his second birthday
The quality is still patchy, but the Timara represents good value at the quaffing end, and the Villa Maria, definitely delivers.
In a matter of weeks Timara, 23, will have to say a last goodbye to her only child as his body is beaten by cancer.
Timara said: "I wanted throw a massive party that no-one will forget, and I will never forget.
Just over a week ago Timara, who raised Junior on her own, was told there was nothing doctors could do.
After various scans Timara was told the doctors had found a tumour in his adrenal gland.
Timara wants Junior's last weeks in hospital to be pain-free and happy.
Over the next few weeks Timara wants to make sure she does the things with her son she won't ever get the chance to do.