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At the Department of Removable Prosthodontics, 70 consecutive patients (median age 37.1, range 12-84; 79.7% female) with clinical symptoms of TMJ disorder (painful joint with previously reported or present clicking, or/and limited mouth opening) were examined.
Therefore, pediatric dentistry should know the complex physiology and biomechanics of the TMJ in children and adolescents; additionally, they must always be aware of the early signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders in their patients with the aim of providing an opportune resolution and prevent progression [4].
Conclusion: The patients with myofascial pain alone or myofascial pain and intercurrent TMJ disorder were found more likely to have a greater psychopathological risk.
But how does TMJ disorder come about and who gets it?
TMJ disorder patients also are significantly more likely than controls to report negative early life experiences.
The stress-reaction theory makes even more sense seen in the context of the epidemiology of TMJ disorder, Dr.
The most common TMJ disorder stems from myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS), a jaw-muscle condition caused by clenching and grinding the teeth in response to stress and tension.
The results of the present study showed that the highest frequency of parafunctional habits was related to chewing gums and the most frequent sign of TMJ disorder in the subjects was joint clicks.
The clinical picture of TMJ functional disturbances may range from physiological variability of joint structure functioning (sometimes painless joint sound) to painful condition with pronounced clinical signs of TMJ disorder (7-10).
Patients presenting with clinical and radiographic signs of advanced degenerative bony changes, patients with co-morbid medical conditions, patients who had a history of surgery for TMJ disorder and infection in and around temporomandibular joint were excluded from the study.
A common symptom is clicking or grating sounds when you open or close your mouth, but jaw noise without pain and limited movement does not necessarily constitute a TMJ disorder.