Tuva Republic

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Tuva Republic

(to͞o`və, Rus. to͞ovä`), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 366,000), 65,830 sq mi (170,500 sq km), extreme S Siberian Russia, on the Mongolian border. Kyzyl is the capital. The area is a mountain basin, c.2,000 ft (610 m) high, encircled by the Sayan and Tannu-Ola ranges. The eastern part is forested and elevated, and the west is a drier lowland. The area includes the upper course of the Yenisei River. There are many glacial lakes.

Cattle, horses, sheep, goats, reindeer, and camels are raised in the elevated steppe areas, and grain is cultivated in the irrigated lowlands. Lumbering is carried on extensively. The fur trade remains important in the northeast. Among the republic's industries are food processing; leather making; woodworking; auto repairing; and the manufacture of building materials.

Tuvans make up about 65% of the population, and Russians (who live primarily in urban areas) around 32%. Traditionally nomadic herders who engaged in supplemental hunting and agriculture, the Tuvans were encouraged by the Soviet government to adopt a sedentary mode of life, with an emphasis on collectivized agriculture. They are a Turkic-speaking people with Mongol strains; their religion is Tibetan Buddhism. The Tuvans have a rich folklore and are skilled artisans in silver, bronze, wood, and stone. They are also renowned for throat-singing, a vocal technique that enables a singer to produce two or three distinct tones simultaneously.

Controlled by the Mongols from the 13th to 18th cent., they were under Chinese rule from 1757 to 1911. During the 1911 revolution in China, czarist Russia fomented a separatist movement among the Tuvans, whose territory became nominally independent before being made a Russian protectorate in 1914. The chaos accompanying the Russian Revolution of 1917 allowed the Tuvans to again proclaim their independence; but in 1921 the Bolsheviks established a Tuvinian People's Republic, popularly called Tannu-Tuva. It was annexed by the USSR in 1944 as an autonomous region and became an autonomous republic in 1961. It was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2015 est. pop. 143,888,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The largest country in the world by area, Russia is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus,
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).

Tuva Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia: mountainous. Capital: Kizyl. Pop.: 305 500 (2002). Area: 170 500 sq. km (65 800 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of the research is studying of epidemiology of epilepsy and epileptic syndromes and its risk factors in population the middle Siberia (the Krasnoyarsk region and the Tuva Republic)
Convicted of assault but now out of the hoosegow, Roman sports big tattoos and outsized sideburns, evidence enough he's bad news even if it weren't for the fact that he snoops in Jess and Ryan's things and slaps his girlfriend Casey (Swedish actress Tuva Novotny) around at the slightest provocation.
cuando las tierras Tuva sufrieron las primeras invasiones de los hunos y luego de los chinos antiguos.
801-999), with summaries of the musics of Mongolia, Tuva (Tyva), and Siberia given in the last part of the book.
Equally significant, perhaps, is the on-the-ground acceptance of the project by people in the eight villages in the Cuvu and Tuva Districts, who say enthusiastically that they have seen a dramatic increase in the number and size of fish and shellfish along their shoreline since the project came to their area three years ago.
Some of the favourites on Saturday were Yak-Kha from Tuva, Siberia, with their guttural style of singing and the bangra beat of Achanak.
The highest rates are reported from Tuva, Buryatia, Khakassia, and the Tyumen, Jewish Autonomic, Perm, and Novosibirisk regions, with case rates of 266.
But you haven't really heard the music in its natural context until you listen to Tuva Among the Spirits (Smithsonian Folkways), Ted Levin's recording of the songs of Tuvan and Siberian herdsmen merged with the audio environments of their home places.
Fresh from Glastonbury, this band from the Republic of Tuva must surely have been one of that festival's most unusual acts.
We were in the mountainous region of Todzhu, in the northeast of the Siberian Republic of Tuva.
As the rockets pass over the Khakasia, Altai and Tuva Republics, they jettison their booster stages, which plummet back to Earth like blazing meteors.