IEEE 802.11 Working Group, "IEEE 802.11af Draft 5.0, Amendment 5: TV White Spaces
Operation," IEEE, June 2013.
Microsoft's TV white spaces
initiative has attracted opposition from broadcasters, who argue the computing giant has circumvented the conventional process for securing access to airwaves.
TV white spaces
broadband would create more options for employees, allow us to extend our recruiting, and enable rural communities to attract and retain skilled workers who will contribute locally."
As a starting point, 12 TV white spaces
pilot projects are planned to be put up for 12 different states within the next 12 months.
Rahman et al., "Cognitive communication in TV white spaces
: an overview of regulations, standards, and technology," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.
The solution to the problem, however, is likely to be very collaborative, with Microsoft having achieved more than most through its TV white spaces
trials across Africa.
The MyDigitalBridge Foundation in partnership with Microsoft and Adaptrum, with support from the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and Millennium Challenge Account (MCA)-Namibia, has successfully trialled the Namibian TV White Spaces
(TVWS) pilot project.
In particular, DOST-ICTO is tapping into the potential of TV White Spaces
(TVWS), or unused frequencies between broadcast TV channels.
Certainly the FCC creation of unlicensed spectrum for WiFi, Bluetooth, and garage door openers (not so much TV white spaces
) has been a huge success.
Thus, in this paper, we focus on CR-VASNET utilizing TV white spaces
on the highway roads in an opportunistic manner without harmful interference to the incumbents.
The Award for Innovation was given to the newly launched Kenyan project, Mawingu, which leverages innovative new wireless technologies utilising unused TV band spectrum ("TV white spaces
") and solar-powered base stations to deliver nationwide broadband access.
They address cognitive networking issues that are related to the physical layer of the network architecture, reviewing cooperative communication technologies and techniques for disseminating data and selecting channels in cognitive radio networks; resource management, focusing on TV white spaces
and QoS requirements; power control issues in modern mobile networks and how regulations affect business aspects related to cognitive radio; and experimental results related to distributed data dissemination.