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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Tshi, Tchi), the language of the Ashanti and Fanti peoples, including the Asante and Fante dialects. Twi is spoken in the southern part of the Republic of Ghana by approximately 3.7 million people (1970, estimate). Twi, together with Anyi, Baule, Metyibo, Abure, and other languages spoken in southern and central Ghana and the neighboring regions of the Ivory Coast and Togo, belongs to the Akan subgroup of the Kwa group of languages in the Congo-Kordofanian language family.

The phonetic characteristics of Twi include a rich vowel system (five degrees of openness in vowels) and a relatively meager inventory of consonants. Most words have a phonetic structure of the type CV, CVC, or CVCV. Twi is a tonal language. Grammatical meanings—tense and aspect for verbs and number and class for nouns—are rendered analytically and by means of agglutinative prefixes and suffixes. Class concord has survived only among certain adjectives. Word order is fixed. A literature exists, based on the Twi dialect (dating from the 1860’s), Asante dialect (from the late 19th century), and Fante dialect (from the 1880’s). Twi is the language of education, the press, radio, and literature.


Welmers, W. E. A Descriptive Grammar of Fanti. Baltimore, 1946.
Akrofi, C. A. Twi kasa mmara. London, 1952.
Bartels, F. L., and J. A. Annobil. Mfantse nkasafua dwumadzi: A Fante Grammar of Function, 2nd ed. Cape Coast, 1948.
Redden, J. E., and N. Owusu. Twi: Basic Course. Washington, D.C., 1963.
Christaller, J. G. Dictionary of the Asante and Fante Language Called Tshi (Twi), 2nd ed. Basel, 1933.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The headline TWI quoted in the media and appearing in, for example, the Monetary Policy Statement, is a nominal series--a weighted average of the chosen exchange rates against the New Zealand dollar.
A topographic wetness index (TWI) can be calculated using estimates of the slope and drainage area.
Research suggests that while the importance of mentoring for new African American women professors is recognized by administrators and senior faculty at TWIs, there is confusion or a lack of consideration on how best to meet the unique needs of women faculty of color (Packer, Jay, &Jackson, 2007).
All these questions swirled around in my head as I contemplated conducting research highlighting the experiences of the academically gifted African American male collegian within the Historically Black College and University (HBCU) and Traditionally White Institution (TWI) contexts.
As a result, unless a northerner can speak English or the two major southern languages, Twi or Ga, he or she cannot fully participate in church services.
Figure 3 shows that the number of African-American first-time full-time freshmen increased by 36% (from 40,570 to 55,031) at public four-year traditionally White institutions and by 9% (from 25,231 to 27,518) at private four-year traditionally White institutions (TWIs), between 1976 and 1996.
Further, given the split of African American political science majors between historically Black colleges (44%) and traditionally White colleges (56%) in this survey, it is imperative that graduate programs in TWI graduate programs collaborate with HBCUs and other TWIs to help them nurture students with potential from their freshman year forward.
All tyres have tread wear indicators (TWIs) comprising small blocks of rubber within the tread at certain points around the tyre.
"While it is laudable that academicians nationally have begun grappling with the theoretical importance of the intersection of gender, race and class, women's and gender studies programs at HBCUs offer unique and powerful guideposts to organic articulations of intersectionality, which can serve to inform and broaden the work of our colleagues at TWIs [traditionally White institutions]," says Dr.
Therefore, the ARRT model, although commonly applied across many traditionally White institutions (TWIs), may not translate to remarkable outcomes in terms of increasing the numbers of qualified investigators of color.
squashed at the b to squeeze out of th ain w seco I sa ng s n a c t, an one we w realised the tra "I was in the there was fire "It was goin se s ems that on started to twis pi p led up o other."
Omdat die opwinding dat daar moontlik 'n fisieke verhouding tussen die karakters kan ontstaan alreeds aan die begin van die roman van die leser ontneem is, dra twis tussen die karakters nie by tot die bou van spanning tussen die karakters nie en word dit teen die einde van die roman oorbodig.