Taal, Lake(tä–äl`), 103 sq mi (267 sq km), SW Luzon, the Philippines, 40 mi (65 km) S of Manila. One of the most picturesque places in the country, the lake lies within a caldera formed by explosive volcanic eruptions that ended c.3580 B.C. It contains Volcano Island or Taal Volcano, rising to 1,020 ft (311 m), with more than 40 craters; it is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, capable of producing devastating pyroclastic flows. The eruptions of 1911 and 1965 were deadly and destructive.
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