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Related to Tabanidae: Asilidae, Hippoboscidae, Tachinidae


(invertebrate zoology)
The deer and horse flies, a family of orthorrhaphous dipteran insects in the series Brachycera.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(horseflies), a family of bloodsucking insects of the order Diptera. The body is 6–30 mm long. The mouthparts are fitted for piercing and stinging; the eyes occupy a fairly large part of the head. Of the approximately 3,000 species, about 250 are found in the USSR. Horseflies are particularly abundant in the swampy regions of Siberia. Only females suck blood; their pricks are painful and often draw blood. The males feed on nectar. Horseflies are active during the day in calm hot weather. They attack livestock, causing the animals to tire easily and to lose their productivity.

The cigar-shaped larvae have processes for locomotion on the abdominal segments. They develop in damp soil or in lakes and streams and feed on the larvae of other insects. Pupation occurs in soil; the pupa is obtect.

Species of the genera Tabanus, Chrysozona, and Chrysops are most widely distributed. Many horseflies transmit disease, for example, tularemia and anthrax. Control measures include the establishment of “pools of death,” that is, pools of petroleum, in places where the insects congregate. Repellents are used for individual protection.


Olsuf’ev, N. G. Slepni (Tabanidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1937. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 7, issue 2.)
Violovich, N. A. Slepni Sibiri. Novosibirsk, 1968.
Boshko, H. V. Hedzi. Kiev, 1973. (Fauna Ukrainy, vol. 13, no. 4.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to proceed with veterinary, ecological, and economic studies of the Tabanidae in Florida, we have developed a taxonomically organized and up-to-date record of species for the state.
Most importantly, he erected the new family Athericidae, a family more closely allied to the Tabanidae than the Rhagionidae.
Seventeen of these were common to both the Kiuic and the Tabi areas: Tabanidae, Stratiomyidae, Asilidae, Culicidae, Mycetophilidae, Tachinidae, Muscidae, Tipulidae, Anthomyiidae, Bombyliidae, Tanypezidae, Syrphidae, Sciaridae, Pipunculidae, Chironomidae, Dolichopodidae, and Conopidae.
A total of 64 cultures of Spiroplasma were isolated from 100 flies (Tabanidae) in Costa Rica, representing 19 species distributed in 6 genera of Tabanidae.
1920) housed in the Bolus Herbarium in Cape Town, which clearly shows a horsefly (Tabanidae) with pollinaria of the orchid attached to its long proboscis (see Johnson and Johnson 1993).
Interactions between Camargue horses and horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae).
Horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) are known world-wide as important mechanical vectors of viruses, bacteria, protozoans, and helminths that cause diseases in wild and domestic animals.
evansi is transmitted mechanically by biting flies of the Tabanidae family and there are reports that it causes a disease called "derrengadera", which appears to paralyze the hindquarters of capybaras, but this is rarely seen in the wild (Cueto, 2012; pers.