Tabasaran


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tabasaran

 

the language of the Tabasarans. It is spoken in Tabasaran and Khiv raions, Dagestan ASSR. There are approximately 44,000 speakers of Tabasaran (1970).

A new written language belonging to the Nakho-Dagestanian group of Caucasian languages, Tabasaran has northern and southern dialects. The phonetic system includes five vowels and 55 consonants, with a four-way system of opposition of obstruents and affricates and a three-way system of opposition of fricatives. There are pharyngealized and labialized consonants and a special group of labialized dental consonants. The morphology of Tabasaran includes the world’s richest case paradigm owing to eight series of locative cases. There are verbal categories of person, class, number, tense, mood, and mode of action, as well as participles and adverbial participles. The typology of the sentence is ergative. Word order follows the pattern subject-object-predicate. The attribute precedes the dependent member.

The vocabulary of Tabasaran contains many borrowings from Azerbaijani; the writing system is based on the Russian alphabet.

REFERENCES

Zhirkov, L. I. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Magometov, A. A. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Tbilisi, 1965.
Khanmagomedov, B. G. K. Ocherki po sintaksisu tabasaranskogo iazyka. Makhachkala, 1970.

G. A. KLIMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lezgic (Lezgian, Tabasaran, Agul; Rutul, Tsakhur; Kryz, Budukh; Archi; Udi)
In the Tabasaran and Tsez lines, [ON.sub.H] is location on a horizontal surface, [ON.sub.v] on a vertical surface.
Oktay Tabasaran, Secretary General of 5th World Water Forum.
The forum started with the opening speeches of Turkish President Abdullah Gul, Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan, Morocco's Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, Turkish Environment and Forestry Minister Veysel Eroglu, Istanbul Mayor Kadir Topbas, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Sha Zukang, President of the World Water Council Loic Fauchon and the council's Secretary General Oktay Tabasaran.
The distinction between two localization markers conveying the idea of location in Ground is also found in Lezgian, Rutul, Agul, Tabasaran, and Aqusha Dargwa, which fall into the third type.
Oktay Tabasaran, World Water Forum Secretary General.