Tabasaran


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Tabasaran

 

the language of the Tabasarans. It is spoken in Tabasaran and Khiv raions, Dagestan ASSR. There are approximately 44,000 speakers of Tabasaran (1970).

A new written language belonging to the Nakho-Dagestanian group of Caucasian languages, Tabasaran has northern and southern dialects. The phonetic system includes five vowels and 55 consonants, with a four-way system of opposition of obstruents and affricates and a three-way system of opposition of fricatives. There are pharyngealized and labialized consonants and a special group of labialized dental consonants. The morphology of Tabasaran includes the world’s richest case paradigm owing to eight series of locative cases. There are verbal categories of person, class, number, tense, mood, and mode of action, as well as participles and adverbial participles. The typology of the sentence is ergative. Word order follows the pattern subject-object-predicate. The attribute precedes the dependent member.

The vocabulary of Tabasaran contains many borrowings from Azerbaijani; the writing system is based on the Russian alphabet.

REFERENCES

Zhirkov, L. I. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Magometov, A. A. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Tbilisi, 1965.
Khanmagomedov, B. G. K. Ocherki po sintaksisu tabasaranskogo iazyka. Makhachkala, 1970.

G. A. KLIMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
At the moment 10 such sites have been built in Tabasaran district.
El lector podra juzgar a quien le asiste la razon, sobre todo al considerar que el secretario general de la quinta edicion del Foro Mundial del Agua, Oktay Tabasaran, se felicito por el resultado del encuentro y expreso: "Los participantes estan muy contentos por los contactos comerciales que han podido hacer.
Lezgic (Lezgian, Tabasaran, Agul; Rutul, Tsakhur; Kryz, Budukh; Archi; Udi)
Basque based on Creissels (2006), Avar on Creissels (2009), Finnish, Hungarian, Tabasaran and Tsez based on Comrie and Polinsky (1998), Lezgian on Haspelmath (1993).
Locations with dedicated local case marking in seven languages Language Locations Basque AT Finnish ON, IN Hungarian AT, ON, IN Avar AT, ON, IN,, INZ, UNDER Lezgian AT, ON, IN, UNDER, BEHIND Tabasaran AT, [ON.
Oktay Tabasaran, Secretary General of 5th World Water Forum.
Several months later, Melikov summoned the kazis and elders of the villages of Taitag and Tabasaran, where the teaching of the zikr was known to be carried out: "They came to me in September, and although I had reports that because of measures taken to bring the people to their senses, the performance of the zikr had ceased in most of the villages and was weakened in the others, but I personally warned the representatives of those villages that if they allow this teaching, then I, in agreement with the request of their own clergy, will denounce it as illegal and will hold them strictly responsible.
The forum started with the opening speeches of Turkish President Abdullah Gul, Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan, Morocco's Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, Turkish Environment and Forestry Minister Veysel Eroglu, Istanbul Mayor Kadir Topbas, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Sha Zukang, President of the World Water Council Loic Fauchon and the council's Secretary General Oktay Tabasaran.
Los dagestanies de etnias avar, darguin, lak, lezguin, tabasaran, rutul, agul, tzajur, --
The distinction between two localization markers conveying the idea of location in Ground is also found in Lezgian, Rutul, Agul, Tabasaran, and Aqusha Dargwa, which fall into the third type.
Again, like Agul, Lezgian, and Rutul, Tabasaran uses IN forms of nouns denoting substances when the physical structure of a Ground is irrelevant.
Oktay Tabasaran, World Water Forum Secretary General.