Tabasarans

Tabasarans

 

a people living in the southeastern part of the Dagestan ASSR. The Tabasarans number 55,200 (1970). They speak Tabasaran, and many also speak Lezghian, Azerbaijani, and Russian. Those who practice a religion are Sunnite Muslims. The Tabasarans are close to the Lezghians in their culture and way of life; most are engaged in both farming and stock raising. Handicrafts, particularly carpet weaving, are well developed. Tabasarans with a higher education are employed in various branches of the national economy and in various fields of science and culture.

REFERENCE

Narody Kavkaza, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, at the moment there are 234 registered motifs for the French, 279 for the Estonians (without the Setu), 234 for the Mari, 267 for the Armenians, 192 for the Tajik, 252 for the Buryats but only 49 for the Maltese, 50 for the Tabasarans (with the Aguls, Dagestan), 50 for the Yazghulami (Pamir) and 72 for the Shors (Southern Siberia).
The distinction between two localization markers conveying the idea of location in Ground is also found in Lezgian, Rutul, Agul, Tabasaran, and Aqusha Dargwa, which fall into the third type.
Again, like Agul, Lezgian, and Rutul, Tabasaran uses IN forms of nouns denoting substances when the physical structure of a Ground is irrelevant.
The only exception are Agul and Tabasaran (both closely related East Lezgic languages) where this meaning is expressed by the attachment localization (see Section 4).
The only languages where this meaning is expressed by means of a localization marker are Agul and Tabasaran, which both use the INTER form.
Interestingly, in accordance with the general idea of close containment discussed above, Tabasaran uses the INTER localization only if the space between Grounds is very small, so that a Figure hardly fits in it.
Again, it is not the case that Tabasaran is unique in having such a distinction, since similar contrasts were described, for instance, in Dutch and Korean (Lemmens 2002; Choi and Bowerman 1991).
Furthermore, Agul and Tabasaran distinguish it from both location in substance and location in container and use the attachment localization in this meaning.
Even more unusual is that Agul and Tabasaran expand the scope of the INTER localization by including the meaning 'between'.
In Agul, Lezgian, Tabasaran, and Rutul, only the SUPER localization is possible in nonsalient attachment configurations.
For example, the scene 'ring on finger' is expressed by SUPER in Agul, Tabasaran, Lezgian, Tsakhur, Rutul, and Andi, whereas Bezhta and Godoberi use CONT here.
This pattern was first found in the East Lezgic languages Agul, Lezgian, and Tabasaran as shown in Examples (49) and (50) from Agul: