Tabasco

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Tabasco

(täbäs`kō), state (1990 pop. 1,501,744), 9,783 sq mi (25,338 sq km), E Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche. VillahermosaVillahermosa
, city (1990 pop. 261,321), capital of Tabasco state, SE Mexico, on the Grijalva River. The city, which has good communications facilities, is the commercial and distribution center for the surrounding region. Oil is the economic mainstay.
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 is the capital. Tabasco is predominantly a tropical plain, once densely forested, that is broken by numerous rivers, swamps, and lagoons. The climate is sultry, and rainfall in some areas exceeds 200 in. (508 cm) annually. The state is subject to severe flooding, most recently in 1999 and in 2007, when waters inundated more than three fourths of the state, destroying the state's crops and affecting more than 1 million people. Although Tabasco has modern roads and railways, rivers (especially the Grijalva and the Usumacinta) are still used for travel and transport. Tropical agriculture (bananas, cacao, sugarcane, hardwoods, and fruits) and cattle raising were the leading economic activities, but rich oil fields discovered along the coast have become Tabasco's economic mainstay. The area, first explored by the Spanish in 1518, was conquered in 1530 by Francisco de MontejoMontejo, Francisco de
, c.1479–c.1548, Spanish conquistador. He served in Cuba under Diego Velásquez, later commanded a vessel in the expedition of Juan de Grijalva, and joined Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
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. During the 17th and early 18th cent., Tabasco was contested between Spain and England. From 1921 to 1935 it was the virtual fiefdom of the caudillo Tomás Garrido CanabalGarrido Canabal, Tomás
, 1891–1943, Mexican caudillo, governor of Tabasco (1921–35). A fanatical anticlericalist, he enthusiastically supported Calles's war against the Cristeros, largely peasant rebels opposed to the enforcement of anticlerical laws.
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Tabasco

 

a state in southeastern Mexico. Area, 24,700 sq km. Population, 938,800 (1974). The capital is Villahermosa. Tabasco has petroleum and gas deposits. Plantations of coffee and other tropical products are in the southwest. In the northeast, the population engages in logging and subsistence farming. Raw agricultural materials are processed in Tabasco.

Tabasco

a state in SE Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche: mostly flat and marshy with extensive jungles; hot and humid climate. Capital: Villahermosa. Pop.: 1 889 367 (2000). Area: 24 661 sq. km (9520 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Location of the study area: The state park is located in the subregion of the Sierra de Tabasco Mountain Range, in the Usumacinta region (17[degrees]25'-17[degrees]40' N y 92[degrees]37'-92[degrees] 52' W) of the Tabasco State.
The introduction detected by the first virus isolation in May 2003 from a raven in Tabasco State probably occurred from a migratory bird that flew southward from the southeastern United States to the Gulf of Mexico or the Caribbean and bypassed northern Mexico.
The most powerful earthquake to hit Mexico in 100 years brought major devastation to states in the south, particularly communities in Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Tabasco states.
Two more people were killed in neighbouring Tabasco state, the state governor said.
Late Sunday, federal authorities had lowered the death toll to three, but said minutes later that two more had died, and put the toll back at the five announced earlier by Tabasco state officials.
The other contracts are for the Magallanes and Santuario fields in Tabasco State, and the PEinuco field in Veracruz State.
Mexico s state oil company Pemex, which has extensive oil and gas operations in Tabasco state and offshore in the Gulf of Mexico, reported no problems with production.
Tabasco State deputy prosecutor Alex Alvarez said: "They wanted to kill the officer but they killed his whole family.
The isolate (TM171-03) was from a corvid that died on May 5, 2003, in Tabasco State, southern Mexico.
The PRI has protested the decision, maintaining that although the Federal Electoral Tribunal has the power to annul votes in specific polling places, the Tabasco state Constitution does not allow the annulment of an entire election.
In Mexico, Roberto Madrazo, the 47-year-old governor of southeastern Tabasco state, is challenging former Interior Minister Francisco Labastida as the presidential nominee of the powerful Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).