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Tábor(tä`bôr), city (1991 pop. 36,342), S central Czech Republic, in Bohemia. The city's economy relies on agricultural trade, tobacco, textiles, and the mining of kaolin. The city was founded in 1420 by John ZizkaZizka, John
, Czech Jan Žižka , d. 1424, Bohemian military leader and head of the Hussite forces during the anti-Hussite crusades of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund.
..... Click the link for more information. on a hill near the castle where John HussHuss, John
, Czech Jan Hus , 1369?–1415, Czech religious reformer. Early Life
Of peasant origin, he was born in Husinec, Bohemia (from which his name is derived). He studied theology at the Univ. of Prague, was ordained a priest c.
..... Click the link for more information. had retired in 1412. Named after Mt. Tabor in Palestine, it became the stronghold of the Taborites, the extreme wing of the HussitesHussites
, followers of John Huss. After the burning of Huss (1415) and Jerome of Prague (1416), the Hussites continued as a powerful group in Bohemia and Moravia. They drew up (1420) the Four Articles of Prague, demanding freedom of preaching, communion in both kinds (i.e.
..... Click the link for more information. . Tábor retains the round tower of a 13th-century castle, many old houses, and a 16th-century town hall with a large collection of Hussite relics.
Tabor,in the Bible. 1 Mt. TaborTabor, Mount,
1,929 ft (588 m) high, N Israel, in Galilee. Ruins of an ancient stronghold crown its summit. Mt. Tabor is surrounded by growing Israeli towns and settlements.
..... Click the link for more information. . 2 Levitical city. 3 Oak (AV mistranslates "plain"), near Bethel, on SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
..... Click the link for more information. 's way home after his anointing.
a military term in Czech, Polish, Rumanian, and Hungarian for a camp, stan, or train; in Russian, the term formerly designated a fortified camp sheltered on all sides by transport vehicles (seeWAGENBURG).
a city in Czechoslovakia, in the Czech Socialist Republic, South Bohemia Region; situated on the Lužnice River, south of Prague. Population, 27,700 (1974).
Tábor is an important transportation junction. Industry is concentrated mainly in neighboring cities: there are electrotechnical and machine-tool construction plants in Sezimovo Ústí, and synthetic fiber is produced in Planá. Enterprises of the textile, tobacco, and beer-brewing industries are located in Tábor.
Tábor was founded by rebellious peasants and plebeians in 1420, during the Hussite revolutionary movement, on the site of the ancient settlement of Hradiště and later became a fortified Taborite political and military center. By the 1430’s, it had become a large trade and artisan center, and in 1436 it acquired the status of a royal city. In the 1440’s it waged a struggle with the great feudal lords, and in 1452 it was seized by George of Podĕbrady.
The old city of Tábor is situated on the steep right bank of the Lužnice. On Jan Žižka Square are the late Gothic town hall (after 1560; now the Hussite Museum), the municipal church (1512), and the houses from the 15th to the 17th centuries. Remains of fortifications from the 15th to 17th centuries and numerous underground chambers carved out of the rock and used by the residents as shelters during the Hussite revolution have been preserved. Tábor has monuments to J. Hus and J. Žižka.