The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a three-electrode hot-cathode hydrogen-filled tube. The tacitron is similar in design and use to a pulsed hydrogen thyratron, the only difference being in the structure of the control electrode, or grid. The grid of a tacitron has a very fine structure; the openings in the grid are not greater in size than the mean free path of the electrons in the gas. As a result, the instants at which the arc discharge is initiated and extinguished can be controlled without a reduction in the anode voltage.

Tacitrons are used in pulse-forming circuits operating at power levels of up to several hundred kilowatts to generate high-voltage (up to 25 kilovolts) electric pulses. For example, tacitrons are employed in radar pulse modulators and in power supplies for the pumping of pulsed lasers.

Like other hot-cathode gas-filled tubes, tacitrons have a low anode resistance and, accordingly, a high anode-voltage efficiency factor, which may reach 95–98 percent. Tacitrons are highly stable with respect to the instants at which the anode current is turned on or off, and the recovery time for the restoration of control properties is small. Consequently, tacitrons can be used for switching pulses with a duration of 10–1–10–2 microseconds at rates of up to several hundred kilohertz. Both glass and cermet envelopes are used in tacitrons.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The TSET project concentrates on three areas of Russian thermionic technology; they are a completed unfueled Topaz-II space reactor, a single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) test rig, and a high-temperature low-voltage/high-current switching device (the Tacitron).
For example, whereas RCA researchers gave up on tacitron R&D in the 1950s, the Soviets kept going.