Tacitus


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Tacitus

(Marcus Claudius Tacitus) (tăs`ĭtəs), d. 276, Roman emperor (275–76). An elderly senator with a reputation for honesty and vigor, he was chosen by the senate to succeed the murdered AurelianAurelian
(Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) , c.212–275, Roman emperor (270–75). Rising in the ranks, he became consul under Valerian. He succeeded Claudius II, whose victory over the Goths had begun the territorial rehabilitation of the empire.
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. He failed to restore the glory of the senate, and after reigning only a few months he died when on campaign in Asia. He was almost certainly murdered. ProbusProbus
(Marcus Aurelius Probus) , d. 282, Roman emperor (276–82), b. Pannonia. He was governor of the East under Marcus Claudius Tacitus, whom he succeeded as emperor. He defeated the barbarians in Gaul and in Illyria.
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 succeeded him.

Tacitus

(Cornelius Tacitus), c.A.D. 55–c.A.D. 117, Roman historian. Little is known for certain of his life. He was a friend of Pliny the Younger and married the daughter of AgricolaAgricola
(Cneius Julius Agricola) , c.A.D. 40–A.D. 93, Roman general, conqueror of Britain. After a distinguished military and political career (partly in Britain), he was made consul (A.D. 77) and was governor (A.D. 78?–A.D. 85?) of Britain.
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. In A.D. 97 he was appointed substitute consul under Nerva, and later he was proconsul of Asia. The first of his works was the Dialogus [dialogue], a discussion of oratory in the style of Cicero, demonstrating to some degree why Tacitus was celebrated as an eloquent speaker; this work was long disputed, but his authorship is now generally accepted. Tacitus then wrote a biography of Agricola, expressing his admiration for his father-in-law as a good and able man.

His small treatise De origine et situ Germanorum [concerning the origin and location of the Germans], commonly called the Germania or Germany, supplies (along with the earlier account of Julius Caesar) the principal written material on the Germanic tribes. Archaeology bears out the accuracy of Tacitus, but the work is not objective; it is a picture of the simple Germans glorified by comparison with the corruption and luxurious immorality of the Romans.

This moral purpose and severe criticism of contemporary Rome, fallen from the virtuous vigor of the old republic, also underlies his two long works, commonly called in English the Histories (of which four books and part of a fifth survive) and the Annals (of which twelve books—Books I-VI, XI-XVI—survive). The extant books of the Histories cover only the reign of Galba (A.D. 68–69) and the beginning (to A.D. 70) of the reign of Vespasian but give a thorough view of Roman life—persons, places, and events. The surviving books of the Annals tell of the reign of Tiberius, of the last years of Claudius, and of the first years of Nero. The account contains incisive character sketches, ironic passages, and eloquent moral conclusions. The declamatory writing of the Dialogus is replaced in the historical works by a polished and highly individual style, a wide range of vocabulary, and an intricate and startling syntax.

Bibliography

See his complete works (tr. by M. Hadas, 1942); studies by C. W. Mendell (1957, repr. 1970), D. Dudley (1969), R. Syme (1958; 2 vol., 1980), H. W. Benario (1983), and C. B. Krebs (2011).

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Tacitus

Publius Cornelius . ?55--?120 ad, Roman historian and orator, famous as a prose stylist. His works include the Histories, dealing with the period 68--96, and the Annals, dealing with the period 14--68
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References in periodicals archive ?
Pagan is superb in her close reading of Tacitus in Chapter III, "Words and Deeds." Tacitus's historical method relies on direct observation when possible, interviews, and documentary evidence, including Senatorial records to which he had access.
Tacitus also presents himself as part of this continuous succession of Roman historians.
In an innovative manner, the 'Tacitus Trap' has been manufactured by Chinese propaganda, and is now being foisted upon an unsuspecting world.
The Godmersham catalog, recording the holdings of her wealthy brother, Edward Knight, in the East Case, lists "Tacitus in English," published in London in 1728.
that this blurring can also be read in Tacitus's writing of
(13) This discussion is based on Tacitus' account, as it is likely to be more reliable than that of Dio.
" The other day the honourable Leader of Opposition quoted Tacitus in the course of running down the achievements of the UPA government.
As Tacitus is quoted, "It was a glorious victory, comparable with bygone triumphs.
Besides the art of eloquence, Tacitus studied philosophy and history, succeeding in this way to acquire a rich knowledge, considered as indispensable for a real orator in Antiquity.
According to Tacitus, the malicious use of maiestas proceedings escalated under the rule of Tiberius.
Tacitus Yr hyn sy'n ddiddorol am safle Llyn Cerrig Bach, yw nad oes gwrthrychau yno ar l y flwyddyn 60 ar l Crist.