Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski

Boy-Żeleński, Tadeusz

 

(real surname, Żeleński; pseudonym, Boy). Born Dec. 21, 1874, in Warsaw; died July 4, 1941, in L’vov. Polish writer, publicist, critic, and translator.

Boy began his literary activity in the Young Poland group as one of the founders of the Little Green Balloon Cabaret (1905) in Kraków and as the author of satirical couplets in which he ridiculed petit bourgeois crassness, hypocrisy, and decadent posturing. Boy’s theater reviews amounted to more than ten volumes. The publication entitled Boy’s Library (approximately 100 volumes), consisting of Boy’s translations of French classics, was a contribution to Polish culture. As a journalist Boy unmasked the conservatives and advocates of the church; he argued against outmoded moral norms and was for a secular, rationalist philosophy. In his works on A. Mickiewicz, A. Fredro, and others, Boy carried on a polemic against academic literary scholarship; he tended more toward social analysis. Boy was the author of memoirs about the period of Young Poland and the biographical novella Marysieńka Sobieska (1937). In 1939 and 1941 he was a professor at the university of L’vov, and he joined the Union of Soviet Writers. When L’vov was captured by Hitler’s armies, Boy was shot.

WORKS

Pisma, vols. 1–24. Warsaw, 1956–66.

REFERENCES

Stakheev, B. F. “Tadeush Zhelen’skii-Boi.” In Istoriia pol’skoi literatury. Moscow, 1969.
Stawar, A. Tadeusz Żeleński (Boy). Warsaw, 1958.
Winklowa, B. Tadeusz Żeleński (Boy). Twórczość i życie. Warsaw, 1967. (Contains a bibliography of Boy-Żeleński’s works.)

B. F. STAKHEEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Nonetheless, in December 1928, the journal published Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski's feature about Narcyza Zmichowska, a founder of the Polish women's rights movement, sentenced to prison for independence activism.
Activists such as Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski and Irena Krzywicka argued that abortion should be available to end the underground market that provided abortion services while putting women's health and lives at risk.
These include leading personalities, notably the controversial maverick, Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski; organizations, for example, the Society for Moral Rebirth and the Women's Union for Citizenship Work; literary periodicals like The Way (Droga); and other writings, among them letters sent to Pilsudski by atypical members of the public.
In order to do this, she examines the goals of the left-liberal intelligentsia as revealed in letters to Pilsudski, the explosion of women's activism that followed the coup, the responses of right-nationalist and socialist political forces to the coup, and the writings of Polish literary figure Tadeusz Boy-Zelenski.