Taft, Robert A.

Taft, Robert A. (Alphonso)

(1889–1953) U.S. senator; born in Cincinnati, Ohio (son of President William Howard Taft). He graduated from Yale and Harvard Law School. During World War I he worked with Herbert Hoover in the U.S. Food Administration and then for postwar European relief efforts. He entered politics in Ohio, serving in the state legislature, and as a prominent conservative Republican he went on to serve in the U.S. Senate (Ohio; 1938–53). An isolationist in foreign affairs and an opponent of "New Deal" and "Fair Deal" domestic programs, he was a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1940, 1948, and 1952. Known as "Mr. Republican," he coauthored the Taft-Hartley Act, which imposed new restrictions on labor, defended Senator Joseph McCarthy, and continued to oppose the U.S.A.'s internationalist actions.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.