Taft-Hartley Act

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Taft-Hartley Act


(Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947), a law passed in the USA in 1947 regulating labor activities. It is one of the principal statutes in the USA affecting labor, enacted under the pressure of reactionary, monopolistic circles with the object of undermining the trade-union and workers’ movement and infringing on the rights of workers. The act is named after its congressional sponsors, Senator R. A. Taft and Representative F. Hartley.

The Taft-Hartley Act, in effect, subjects trade unions to government control. Among its provisions, for example, is the requirement that unions submit annual reports to the Department of Labor on their organization and finances. (Originally, the act also required that union officers declare under oath that they did not belong to the Communist Party, but this provision was repealed in 1959.) More important, the right to strike is significantly restricted. Political strikes and sympathy strikes are outlawed, and courts are granted the right to issue injunctions against economic strikes. Otherwise, the Taft-Hartley Act stipulates that a union must notify an employer and the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service 60 days before an economic strike begins. The workers’ right to conclude collective agreements in closed-shop conditions is also restricted.

Certain sections of the Taft-Hartley Act were amended in 1959 by the Landrum-Griffin Act (seeLANDRUM-GRIFFIN ACT).

References in periodicals archive ?
There is little doubt but that the first round in the fight over the Taft-Hartley Act has gone to the unions.
Yet, as Mello's account makes clear, the capacity of workers to make gains was seriously undermined by interventions stretching back to the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act, even as membership continued to grow.
The Wagner and Taft-Hartley Acts reflected the mass-production systems that the United States embraced more fully than any other industrial nation.
Prior to President Bush's declaration in 2002, the last time the Taft-Hartley Act was invoked was in 1978, when striking mineworkers were ordered back to work (Hall 2004).
Taft-Hartley Act was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative Fred A.
This unique situation is rooted in the Taft-Hartley Act, which basically legislated that the working people of this country should have their health benefits coverage through highly decentralized collective bargaining agreements.
But in perhaps the most meaty and revealing excerpt, Ernest Demaio explains how General Electric (GE) used the Taft-Hartley Act and the House Un-American Activities Committee to oust the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers Union (UE) out of GE.
Bush asked the courts to invoke the Taft-Hartley Act and order the longshoremen back to work.
In 1962, James Hoffa was on trial in Nashville, Tennessee, accused of violating a provision of the Taft-Hartley Act.
7, President Bush invoked a provision in the Taft-Hartley Act that reopened the ports and sent longshoreman back to work during a cooling-off period.
Labor-management conflict in Hollywood in 1945 and 1946 led to a congressional investigation, passage of the antiunion Taft-Hartley Act, and, ultimately, the notorious filmmaking-industry blacklist.