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(təgä`ləg, tägä`lŏg) or


(tägäl`), dominant people of Luzon, the Philippines, and the second largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. They number about 16 million. Most of the population is Christian. Tagalog, a Malayo-Polynesian language that had a written standard form before the coming of the Spanish, is the legal national language of the Philippines, where it is called Pilipino.



a people in the Philippines. The Tagalog live on central and southern Luzon and on Mindoro, Marinduque, and several smaller islands, inhabiting primarily the coast, river valleys, and lake areas (hence their name, literally meaning “living by the water”). They number more than 8 million (1975, estimate). They speak the Tagalog language and have a rich literature. The literary variant of their language, Filipino, is, along with English, the major language of the Philippines. Most Tagalog are Catholics.

The Tagalog are apparently descended from the bearers of the Iron Age culture, remains of which have been found at Novaliches. The opinion of the Spanish missionary Suñiga, based on linguistic data, that the Tagalog are of American descent is not shared by most researchers. The Tagalog engage in farming, raising rice, tobacco, sisal, and coconut, and in fishing. They are also proficient at wickerwork and weaving.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)



(since 1959, Filipino language), the language of the Tagalog, one of the major nationalities of the Philippine archipelago. The number of persons speaking Tagalog is approximately 10 million (1975, estimate). Tagolog served as a lingua franca together with Spanish from the 17th to the 19th century and has fulfilled the same function together with English in the 20th century.

One of the Indonesian languages, Tagalog has eight local dialects. It is an agglutinative language with a well-developed system of word formation, including affixation, reduplication, and compounding. There are few inflections, particularly in nouns. The word formation of verbs is syncretic. Conjunctions are the principal means of syntactic bonding. The vocabulary contains many borrowings from Sanskrit, Chinese, Spanish, and English.

The national literary Tagalog language is based on the Manila dialect of the late 17th to the early 18th century. The written language is based on Latin; in the mid-18th century it replaced the original syllabic writing, which originated in the Dravidian writing system.


Krus, M., and L. I. Shkarban. Tagal’skii iazyk. Moscow, 1966.
Makarenko, V. A. Tagal’skoe slovoobrazovanie. Moscow, 1970.
Krus, M., and S. P. Ignashev. Tagal’sko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1959.
Krus, M., and S. P. Ignashev. Russko-tagal’skii slovar’. Moscow, 1965.
Blake, F. R. A Grammar of the Tagalog Language. New York, 1967.
Ward, J. H. A Bibliography of Philippine Linguistics and Minor Languages. Ithaca, N.Y., 1971.
Gonzalez, A. B., T. Llamzon, and E. Otanes, eds. Readings in Philippine Linguistics. Manila, 1973.



1. a member of a people of the Philippines, living chiefly in the region around Manila
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian family: the official language of the Philippines
References in periodicals archive ?
When tabulated against home language, on the other hand, the capability to understand English was 89 percent among the native Hiligaynon speakers, 87 percent among native Iluko speakers, 85 percent among native Tagalog speakers, and 70 percent among native Cebuano speakers.
What I intend to focus on is the examination of the qualities of "Filipino" as not Tagalog and therefore the present undertaking to propagate "Filipino" as National Language does not deviate from the spirit of the language provision of the 1935 Constitution.
The barong tagalog comes in different 'special fabrics' and could be either hand-loomed or machine-woven.
The tianak or patianak (also referred to as dwende) in Tagalog is synonymous with the Bikol patyanak, the fusion of an untimely discharged human foetus and a tiny black bird whose mournful wailing resembles that of an infant, and the Cebuano mantiyanak, a supernatural being of a brownish hue who preys on new-born infants.
There are four important (very productive) systems of derivational affixation in Tagalog, most of which are highly, if not exclusively, prefixing in nature.
The Tagalog focus system: a case of derivational morphology with inflectional aspect choices
I will refer to this argument as the "trigger" argument in order to sidestep the problem of case assignment in Tagalog (subject vs.
Tagalog admitted that a CA justice approached him to expose this because he cannot tolerate the unethical acts of some of his colleagues.
Tagalog said the justice since then has refused to associate with any official acts of his corrupt colleague lest he be accused of corruption.
The ones with more than 1 million speakers each are Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, Central Bikolano, Albay Bikolano, Pangasinan, Maranao, Maguindanao, Kinaray-a, and Tausug.
Then I heard her speaking to the other cashier in Ilokano and I backed off, realizing that her Tagalog had incorporated some of the gruff-sounding sounds of Ilokano.
The most often cited example is "ibon" in Tagalog, which means bird, and "ebon" in Kapampangan, which means "egg.