Taipei

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Taipei

(tībā`), city (1995 est. pop. 2,632,863), N Taiwan, capital of Taiwan and provisional capital of the Republic of China. Taiwan's largest city, it is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the island. The major industries produce electrical and electronic equipment, textiles, metals, machinery, chemicals, food products, ships, and motorcycles. The city has a subway/elevated light-rail system, and is connected by high-speed rail to KaohsiungKaohsiung
or Kao-hsiung
, city (1995 pop. 1,426,035), S Taiwan. It is the second largest city of Taiwan and its leading port. Its designation as an export processing zone in the late 1970s has stimulated foreign investment.
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. Several universities, the National Palace Museum and other cultural institutions, and Taipei 101Taipei 101,
skyscraper in the Hsinyi dist., Taipei, Taiwan; also known as the Taipei Financial Center. With 101 floors and reaching 1,667 ft (508 m) high, Taipei 101 became the world's tallest building when it was topped out in 2003, surpassing the Petronas Towers; it was
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, formerly the world's tallest building, are there.

Founded in the 18th cent. by immigrants from Fujian prov. on the China mainland, Taipei began its modern development only after 1885, when it replaced Tainan as the capital of Taiwan prov. It continued to serve as a political center and underwent considerable enlargement and modernization under Japanese rule (1895–1945). In 1949, when the Communists forced the government of Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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 to flee from the mainland of China, Taipei became the headquarters of the Nationalists. In 1967 the city became a special municipality with a status equal to that of a province. Taipei suffered minor damage in the 1999 Taiwan earthquake.

Taipei

 

a city in China, in the northern part of the island of Taiwan. Situated on the navigable Tanshui River. Capital of Taiwan Province. Population, 1.8 million (1971).

Taipei is the largest city and the chief economic center of the province. It is a hub for railroad and air transportation, with the international airports of Sungshan and T’aoyiian. Chilung (Kee-lung), with which Taipei forms a single transportation and industrial complex, is Taipei’s outer port. Taipei has various branches of industry, such as metallurgy and the production of cement, chemicals, wood products, and paper. The machine-building industry is represented by shipbuilding and electronics, and the perfume and pharmaceuticals industry by the processing of camphor and other products. Enterprises of the food industry include sugar refineries, tea factories, and vegetable, fruit, and fish canneries. Coal is mined on the outskirts of Taipei.

Taipei is the sea of the Kuomintang administration (as of 1979).

Taipei

, T'ai-pei
the capital of Taiwan (the Republic of China), at the N tip of the island: became capital in 1885; industrial centre; two universities. Pop.: 2 473 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
By early 1984, the bishops of Taiwan met with the Pope to preserve the diplomatic relations of the Vatican and Taibei and to assure him that they were ready to be a bridge between their fellow Catholics on the mainland and the universal Church.
Tea growing in Taiwan was traditionally concentrated in the northwest counties of the island (Taibei, Taoyuan, Jilong, Xinzhu and Miaolo) - in and around Taibei city (see Map and Figure 5).
347; Shi tong, tongshi (Survey of History, a Thorough Interpretation), by Liu Zhiji, revised by Pu Qilong (710; Taibei, 1965), 4.
Liuchao shiji bianlei (Vestiges of the Six Dynasties, Arranged by Category), by Zhang Dunyi (1160; Taibei, 1976), 1.
23) Fukuzawa Yukichi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], "Nannu jiaoji lun" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ["Discourse on Associations between Men and Women"], Qingyi bao 36 (11 March 1900) (reprint, Taibei [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
fullawayi Muir, 1915 (Fujian: Wuyishan; Taiwan: Taizhong, Taibei, Gaoxiong, Nantou; Sichuan; Hainan; Guizhou: Luodan, Wangmo), A.
Riju chuqi Taibei shi de shiqu gaizheng [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [Taipei urban reform during the early period of Japanese occupation].
Support of Overseas Chinese organizations and involvement in their affairs did not, however, begin with the post-1949 competition between Taibei and Beijing.
Rizhi shiqi Taibei Shifan de xuesheng yundong [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [The student movements of Taibei Normal School in the colonial period].
Wen-Chin Chang is an Assistant Research Fellow at the Center for Asia-Pacific Area Studies of the Academia Sinica in Taibei.
A hanging scroll attributed to Li Gonglin [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1049-1106) in the collection of the Palace Museum in Taibei may be the earliest extant painting of this type.
In the last meeting in 1970, Taibei proposed that the two governments cooperate for intelligence work and that Li and Duan go to Taiwan and let other Nationalist officers replace them in Southeast Asia.