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(both: tī`nän`), special municipality (2010 pop. 1,840,257), W central Taiwan, on the Taiwan Strait. It was created in 2010 when Tainan city was merged with Tainan co. Tainan has industries producing metals, textiles, machinery, processed foods, and handicrafts. It is also a center for the marketing and processing of sugarcane, rice, peanuts, and salt, and there is an important fishing industry. Settled in 1590, Tainan is the oldest city of Taiwan. It was taken over by the Dutch and used as their headquarters from 1624 to 1662. It then became the island's capital under KoxingaKoxinga
, Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty.
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 and his son. It remained the political center of the island under the Ch'ing and was known as Taiwanfu, until the transfer of government to Taipei in 1885, when the city was renamed Tainan. A cultural center, it has many temples, the shrine of Koxinga, and a modern college of engineering.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in China, in Taiwan Province; situated on the southwestern coast of the island of Taiwan. Anp’ing, the city’s outer port, is administratively part of T’ainan. Population, 485,000 (1971). T’ainan is a transportation junction and the trade and industrial center of a developed agricultural region that produces sugarcane and rice. There are also local sugar refineries and chemical and textile industries. Salt is mined near T’ainan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, T'ai-nan
a city in the SW Taiwan: an early centre of Chinese emigration from the mainland; largest city and capital of the island (1638--1885); Chengkung University. Pop.: 754 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The special, titled 'The Tainan that Japanese don't know' was 8-minutes long and featured the deputy mayor of Tainan city, Wang Shih-ssu.
Tainan's vice mayor Zeng Xuzheng said: "Our work today is to clean up the waste and steel on the Yongda road, carry out resurfacing, and re-open it open to traffic.
Lin Ming-hui, the Wei-guan Golden Dragon Building's developer, and two other men from his management team are being held without bail on suspicion of negligent homicide while the authorities finish their investigation, the Tainan District Court said in a statement.
ET on Friday) at the beginning of the Lunar New Year holiday, with almost all the dead found in Tainan's toppled Wei-guan Golden Dragon Building.
Rescue workers carry a baby swaddled in a cloth from the rubble of a toppled building after an earthquake in Tainan, Taiwan, Saturday, Feb.
Tainan mayor Lai Ching-te said authorities estimated that 124 people were still trapped, many at the bottom of the wreckage.
Out of the 26 victims, 24 were found under the rubble of a 17-storey residential building destroyed by the earthquake in the city of Tainan, Xinhua news agency reported.
Tainan: Rescuers pulled more survivors from a collapsed apartment tower in Taiwan on Sunday and kept searching for about 120 people still believed trapped in the rubble a day after a strong earthquake shook the island.
The quake was centred 43 km (27 miles) southeast of Tainan, at a depth of 23 km (14 miles), the U.S.
Tainan City-based Chimei Logistics provides warehousing, transportation and freight forwarding solutions to companies within the Asia-Pacific region.
New Taipei City, Taiwan, September 25, 2014 --(PR.com)-- FZtech is pleased to introduce Ni Hao I'm FiFi's new collection of iCity series protective case for Apple iPhone 6 - iCity Series: Taipei, Paris, London, and Tainan. The case is made of high quality ABS with 2-layer surface coating, offering premium protection for Apple iPhone 6 against impacts and scratches.